clarym29MilleritesSat Apr 21, 2012 19:40188.8.131.52This is just one example of how seriously some Christians take this end-times stuff:
Miller was a prosperous farmer, a Baptist lay preacher and unschooled student of the Bible, living in northern New York, in the region of that state which has come to be known as the Burned-over district. Through years of intensive study of symbolic meaning of the prophecies of Daniel and using the year-day method of prophetic interpretation, Miller became convinced that Christ's Second Coming was revealed in Bible prophecy. In September 1822, Miller formally stated his conclusions in a twenty-point document, including article 15, “I believe that the second coming of Jesus Christ is near, even at the door, even within twenty-one years,—on or before 1843.” This document however, remained private for many years.
Miller did eventually share his views—first, to a few friends privately, and later to some ministerial acquaintances. Initially he was disappointed at the lack of response from those he spoke to. “To my astonishment, I found very few who listened with any interest. Occasionally, one would see the force of the evidence, but the great majority passed it by as an idle tale.”
Miller states that he began his public lecturing in the village of Dresden, Washington County, New York, some 16 miles from his home, on “the first Sabbath in August 1833.” However, as Sylvester Bliss points out, “The printed article from which this is copied was written in 1845. By an examination of his correspondence, it appears that he must have begun to lecture in August 1831. So that this date is a mistake of the printer or an error in Mr. Miller's memory.”
In 1832, Miller submitted a series of sixteen articles to the Vermont Telegraph—a Baptist paper. The first of these was published on May 15, and Miller writes of the public’s response, “I began to be flooded with letters of inquiry respecting my views, and visitors flocked to converse with me on the subject.” In 1834, unable to personally comply with many of the urgent requests for information and the invitations to travel and preach that he received, Miller published a synopsis of his teachings in a “little tract of 64 pages.” These he “...scattered, the most of them gratuitously, sending them in reply to letters of inquiry and to places which I could not visit.”
 A national movement
From 1840 onward, Millerism was transformed from an “obscure, regional movement into a national campaign.” The key figure in this transformation was Joshua Vaughan Himes—the pastor of Chardon Street Chapel in Boston, and an able and experienced publisher. Though Himes did not fully accept Miller’s ideas until 1842, he established the fortnightly paper Signs of the Times to publicize them. The first edition was published on February 28, 1840, with Himes as editor. It continues to be published by the Seventh-day Adventist Church as a monthly evangelistic magazine under the same name.
Periodical literature played an important part in the rapid and widespread dissemination of Millerite beliefs. “From first to last the power of the press, in this particular form, was one of the foremost factors in the success of this now vigorous, expanding movement.” In addition to the Signs of the Times based in Boston, Millerite papers were published in numerous cities including New York, Philadelphia, Rochester, Cleveland, and Montreal. There were at least 48 Millerite periodicals that circulated in the period leading up to the Great Disappointment. The majority of these, however, were quite short-lived—often a new paper was started whenever a Millerite evangelistic campaign entered a new area.
As well as publications based on geography, the Millerites issued various papers targeting different groups. The Advent Message to the Daughters of Zion focused on female readers, and was first published in May 1844. The Advent Shield was a more academically orientated paper published in Boston and edited by Joshua Vaughan Himes, Sylvester Bliss, and Apollos Hale. Its announced purpose was to “defend the doctrine from the attacks of the enemies, to exhibit the unscriptural position of the opponents, and furnish the truth to those who were ready to receive it.” While only three issues were produced: in May 1844, January 1845, and a final issue in April 1845; it was the largest of the Millerite papers, the first two issues each having 144 pages, and the final having 250.
As the various dates of Christ’s predicted return approached, Millerite publishing went into high gear. In May 1843, 21,000 copies of the various Millerite papers were published for distribution each week. In New York alone, in the five month period ending April 1843, 600,000 copies of various publications were distributed. In December 1843, Himes proposed the publication of one million tracts, while in May 1844, he announced that five million copies of Millerite publications had been distributed up to that time.
A researcher examined the geographical distribution of correspondents to the Millerite periodical Signs of the Times from 1840 to 1847. Out of a total of 615 correspondents, she found that the 131 correspondents from New York state provided the largest group. Vermont provided another 107, with New England (excluding Vermont) accounting for a further 279. Outside of these areas, representation was sparse: 23 in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland combined; just 65 from the west—including 20 from Ohio; and only 10 from the Southern states. While it seems then, that the vast majority of Miller’s followers were of local origin, his message was not limited to his local area—nor even to America. Miller preached across the border in Canada’s Eastern Townships on at least three occasions: in 1835, 1838 and 1840. He made a number of converts there and gained the support of some of the local clergy. At least five Millerite papers were published in Canada: the Faithful Watchman—published in Sherbrooke from January 1843; the influential Voice of Elijah, published in Montreal from June 1843; the short-lived Hope of the Church in St. Thomas in 1844; Behold, He Cometh in Hamilton, and the Bridegroom’s Herald in Toronto, both from mid-1844.
Many travellers or emigrants to the United States who had heard the Second Advent message there returned to their home districts to preach. From 1841, Millerite evangelists appeared in Great Britain, also, though he never travelled there himself.In addition to the nearly $1000 that Miller and Himes spent supplying literature to enquirers and evangelists in Great Britain; “there is evidence that [in Liverpool, Bristol, and other ports] local Millerite pioneers borrowed copies of Miller’s works and Adventist magazines from visiting American sea captains and merchants.” As well as utilizing imported American literature, two Millerite papers were published locally in Great Britain: the Second Advent Harbinger in Bristol, and the British Midnight Cry in Liverpool. The Millerite message entered Australia through the Canadian paper Voice of Elijah. Thomas Playford, living in Adelaide, was converted thus. Playford spread the Millerite message in Australia, even publishing a book of his sermons: Discourses on the Second Advent of Jesus Christ. Playford’s preaching apparently resulted in a number of converts. An English Millerite, James William Bonham, apparently sent copies of The Midnight Cry to Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania), though no record remains of their effect. In a similar manner, converts were made in Norway and Chile. A letter published in The Midnight Cry of October 12, 1843, from a Mrs O. S. Burnham of Kaloa, The Sandwich Islands, (now Hawaii) stated that she and her husband had accepted the Millerite message and were worshipping with a small company of believers.
Despite the urging of his supporters, Miller never personally set an exact date for the expected Second Advent. However, in response to their urgings he did narrow the time-period to sometime in the year 1843, stating: “My principles in brief, are, that Jesus Christ will come again to this earth, cleanse, purify, and take possession of the same, with all the saints, sometime between March 21, 1843 and March 21, 1844” March 21, 1844 passed without incident, and the majority of Millerites maintained their faith. On March 25, Miller wrote to Himes, “I am still looking for the Dear Savior…. The time, as I have calculated it, is now filled up; and I expect every moment to see the Savior descend from heaven. I have now nothing to look for but this glorious hope.” As George R. Knight states, the movement’s survival was a result of the fact that, “the Millerite leaders had been ‘soft’ on the time…. They allowed for the possibility of small errors in their calculations and even in some of their historic dates.” In fact, on February 28, Miller himself had written, “If Christ comes, as we expect, we will sing the song of victory soon; if not, we will watch, and pray, and preach until he comes, for soon our time, and all prophetic days, will have been filled.”
Further discussion and study resulted in the brief adoption of a new date—April 18, 1844, one based on the Karaite Jewish calendar (as opposed to the Rabbinic calendar). Like the previous date, April 18 passed without Christ’s return. More study led the Millerites to believe that they had entered the “tarrying time”—a time of waiting after which Christ would finally return—spoken of in Matthew 25:5 and Habakkuk 3:2-3. This belief sustained the Millerites through the months of May to July, 1844. As Knight notes however, this period represented a “flatness in Millerite evangelism,” when even the Millerite preachers must have experienced diminished certainty.
In August 1844 at a camp-meeting in Exeter, New Hampshire, everything changed when Samuel S. Snow presented a message of earth-shattering proportions—what became known as the “seventh-month” message or the “true midnight cry.” In a complex discussion based on scriptural typology, Snow presented his conclusion (still based on the 2300 day prophecy in Daniel 8:14), that Christ would return on, “the tenth day of the seventh month of the present year, 1844.” Again using the calendar of the Karaite Jews, this date was determined to be October 22, 1844. This “seventh month message” “spread with a rapidity unparalleled in the Millerite experience” amongst the general population. The situation caught many of the established leaders—including Himes and Miller himself, by surprise. Knight reports that, “There is no evidence that any of the foremost Millerite preachers accepted this grass-roots development until late September. Most did not accept it until early October.”
 The Great Disappointment
October 22, 1844, that day of great hope and promise, ended like any other day  to the disappointment of the Millerites. Both Millerite leaders and followers were left generally bewildered and disillusioned. Responses varied: some Millerites continued to look daily for Christ’s return, others predicted different dates—among them April, July, and October 1845. Some theorized that the world had entered the seventh millennium, the “Great Sabbath”, and that, therefore, the saved should not work. Others acted as children, basing their belief on Jesus’ words in Mark 10:15, “Truly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a child shall not enter it.” O. J. D. Pickands used Revelation 14:14-16 to teach that Christ was now sitting on a white cloud, and must be prayed down. Probably the majority however, simply gave up their beliefs and attempted to rebuild their lives. Some members rejoined their previous denominations while a substantial number became Quakers.
 Post 'Great Disappointment' Millerism
Main article: Adventism
In the confusion that followed the Great Disappointment it seemed that almost every Millerite had an opinion—all of them different. Miller said that in one week he received sixteen different papers advocating different views, all claiming to be Advent papers. Much of the responsibility for this proliferation of viewpoints must be shouldered by Miller, whose Rules of Biblical Interpretation outlined a method of biblical study that encouraged each person to read the Bible and to “do theology” for themselves.
By mid-1845, doctrinal lines amongst the various Millerite groups began to solidify, emphasizing their differences—a process Knight terms “sect building.” During this time three main Millerite groups formed, in addition to those who had simply given up their beliefs.
The first major division of the Millerite groups who had not completely given up their belief in Christ’s Second Advent were those who accepted a shut-door theology. This belief was popularized by Joseph Turner and was based on that key Millerite passage: Matthew 25:1-13—the Parable of the Ten Virgins. The shut door mentioned in verses 11-12 was interpreted as the "close of probation". As Knight explains, “After the door was shut, there would be no additional salvation. The wise virgins (true believers) would be in the kingdom, while the foolish virgins and all others would be on the outside.” The belief became a major issue upon the publication in January 1845, of an article by Apollos Hale and Turner in The Advent Mirror. This article tied the shut-door concept to October 22, 1844, teaching that the work of general salvation was finished at that date—Christ came spiritually as the Bridegroom, the wise virgins had entered into the wedding feast, and the door was then shut on all others. This first group is commonly known as either the “shut-door” or “spiritualizer” group.
However, the widespread acceptance of the “shut-door” belief lost ground as doubts were raised about the significance of the October 22, 1844 date—if nothing happened on that date, then there could be no shut door. The opposition to these “shut-door” beliefs was led by Joshua Vaughan Himes and make up the second post-'Great Disappointment' group. This faction soon gained the upper hand, even converting Miller to their point of view. On March 20, 1845, the Morning Watch published a call by Himes for a conference. The Albany Conference was to have three purposes:
1. “to strengthen one another in the faith of the Advent at the door,”
2. “to consult on the best mode of unitedly carrying forth our work, in comforting and preparing the Advent congregations among us for the speedy coming of the Lord,” and
3. “to unite our efforts, for the conversion and salvation of sinners.”
Notably, the stated purpose of the conference was not to debate controversial doctrines. In fact the invitation was extended only to those Adventists who “still adhere to the original faith.” The Shut-door Adventists and others who had developed new doctrines were therefore explicitly excluded. The biggest draw card was to be the presence of Miller. In fact Himes wrote to Miller on March 27, 1845, saying, “all depends upon your being there.”
The Albany Conference began on April 29, 1845 and was to be, “one of the most significant Adventist meetings in the history of post-October 1844 Adventism.” The delegates to the Albany Conference– including prominent Millerite leaders such as Miller, Himes. Elon Galusha, Josiah Litch, and Sylvester Bliss; accomplished three main tasks:
1. The production of a ten-point statement of belief.
2. The development of a plan for evangelism that involved further organization, including the establishment of Sunday Schools and Bible classes; and the ordination of selected believers as ministers.
3. The passing of a series of resolutions that rejected a number of beliefs and practices seen as extreme; including mixed foot-washing, compulsory salutation kissing, shaving one’s head, and acting childlike.
The Albany Conference group of Millerites formed the Evangelical Adventists out of which rose the Advent Christian Church. The Albany Conference Statement with its narrowing of beliefs was unacceptable to many. Millerism had been founded on Miller’s open, non-restrictive approach to Bible study--“I
- end times Tony Jiang, Fri Apr 20 16:38there are loads of Christians these days claiming the end days are coming soon http://end-times-prophecy.com/blog/?p=284 this one says that the rapture was supposed to happen in 2010 and then says... more
- vike: Off subject sai ram, Mon Apr 23 01:58I just wanted to share a remedy for a stuffy nose. We all get them at times. When I can't breath thru my nose...I can't sleep....an old East Indian method that really works good is White Sesame Seed... more
- Anything is better than another discussion of End Times Frashavan, Mon Apr 23 20:03It's like when you go to meetings of revolutionary parties, there's always a session called "The Way Forward!" Some topics should simply be banned, in the name of humanity! And cold remedies are... more
- Collective psychosis bad? ... rhetorical question (nm) Baruch, Mon Apr 23 20:56
- Not if you are in the mental health industry... Frashavan, Tue Apr 24 07:37... or a maker of pharmaceuticals. :D
- Too bad the 1% aren't locked up in an asylum .... Baruch, Tue Apr 24 13:18getting electroshock treatments ala 1950s ... oh, I mean enhanced interrogation ;-) Shalom
- How about a beginning instead of an End Seekr Light, Sun Apr 29 00:03I would never advocate ignoring the dark influences in the world but I will say the time is upon humanity to focus on the high road, or what I consider the forces of light that serve to elevate the... more
- I agree, but more spam ;-) Baruch, Sun Apr 29 21:40One of the greatest victories of Satan, is getting a materialist world to believe that the Devil doesn't exist. I mean that metaphorically, not literally. Shalom
- How about a beginning instead of an End Seekr Light, Sat Apr 28 23:46I would never advocate ignoring the dark influences in the world but I will say the time is upon humanity to focus on higher, or what I consider the forces of light that serve to elevate the... more
- They have managed.... Frashavan, Wed Apr 25 12:51...to turn the whole world into an asylum, and convinced us that the rest of us are crazy.
- Unplug the TV! (nm) Baruch, Thu Apr 26 06:54
- Millerites clarym29, Sat Apr 21 19:40
- Just part of the wild free market in religion in .... Baruch, Sat Apr 21 23:3719th century America ;-) Shalom
- Yep--always good for a chuckle. (nm) clarym29, Sat Apr 21 23:38
- Well, Tony clarym29, Sat Apr 21 19:30the end times have been upon us since humankind turned to God to answer questions. There used to be a site on the net that tried to keep track of all the end-times guesses that were made. May still... more
- Well the Popul Vuh is still a great scripture ... Baruch, Sat Apr 21 22:27and the Quran certainly has its share of apocalyptic verses. This isn't just about the Bible's apocalyptic verses or the apocryphal apocalypses. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Popul_vuh ... saw an... more
- By Mayan nonsense...... clarym29, Sat Apr 21 23:36I did not mean to indicate that the Mayan calendar was nonsense. It is a very intricate, well put together thing--quite complex and quite elegant. But it is just a calendar with no predictive value.... more
- It's been coming for millions of years! (nm) Kasey, Fri Apr 20 18:47
- Good new article on NDE ... Baruch, Sun Apr 22 09:18http://www.salon.com/2012/04/21/near_death_explained/singleton/ Materialists are simply in denial ... they have their ideology, and the personal experience of millions of people, simply don't matter. ... more
- Re: Good new article on NDE ... Seekr Light, Sun Apr 29 00:24The dream state is obviously a different state of awareness than the awaken one but considered from either state the other "may" be viewed as less relevant in the supposed "ultimate" scheme of... more
- Famous Australian publisher and media giant, Kerry Packer... Kasey, Mon Apr 23 05:18had a NDE back in 1990 and was by chance revived by an ambulance man with a defibrulator. Afterwards ha was asked about it and he said to his close friends "don't fool yourself, there was nothing... more
- Too bad for them, they simply don't understand the Bible ... Baruch, Fri Apr 20 18:15knowing is not the same as understanding. Deconstructing a text, by projecting your desires and fears into it, isn't exegesis. What is an apocalypse? Christians don't know, Muslims don't know. This... more
- But isn't saying clarym29, Sun Apr 22 12:26that one can know what the Word of God is also arrogant?
- but Tony Jiang, Fri Apr 20 19:32what about all this stuff they talk about how there is great apostasy in the church they claim, or crime and war on the rise, famine,disease and earthquakes on the rise..... Arent they just... more
- And it's all nonsenseical anyway! (nm) Kasey, Sat Apr 21 02:01
- Good point ... Baruch, Sat Apr 21 01:52another man's dogma is another man's apostasy. Christianity has been in apostasy since 325 CE, when it was taken over by the Greco-Roman Mafia. But for them, that is when their Nicene Creed was... more
- Love this stuff..... clarym29, Sat Apr 21 20:05A rather short list of the The End of Times--again and again....... 1901 CE - The new century got off to a flying start by giving a great, big thumbs down to Reverend Baxter's millennium. 1908 CE -... more
- Speaking of Halley's Comet sai ram, Sat Apr 21 22:26back in the 80's about one year before Halley's Comet was to return, I was awaken about 2 AM with a poem in my head. I had never wrote a poem in my life...nor since..but this one came in a dream. It... more
- You were probably channeling Mark Twain ... Baruch, Sat Apr 21 23:33who died during the visit of 1910. Shalom
- Quite the poem clarym29, Sat Apr 21 23:30full of such good cheer. :)) Do you always have such optimistic dreams???
- Don't mix up sai ram, Sat Apr 21 23:49realism and optimism....just think from Halley's view from passing earth in 1910 until 1986...all the changes that had occured.....WW 1 and 2....smog.....cities growth...man even traveled off the... more
- What's the difference? clarym29, Sun Apr 22 09:46What is real to me may not be to you. So, who knows what realism really is???? Don't we all make over the world just about every day, in the image we want? Your sentiment kind of reminds me of those... more
- Reality is like porn ... Baruch, Sun Apr 22 15:59you can't define it, but you know it when you see it ;-) In the West we have tried to achieve consensus on what is real, thru science. But it turns out science can't even tell me what I should have... more
- Ah but sai ram, Sun Apr 22 12:29"Your sentiment kind of reminds me of those who say that the end is near because of the natural disasters, man-made disasters, weather, pestilence, famine, wars and chaos.".......ah, but just like a... more
- I like your PS better than your BS ;-) Baruch, Sun Apr 22 16:03If life is an adventure, then choose to be an adventurer ... get out there on the veldt, graze, wait and see what happens. At least the lion will make you jog a little. Shalom
- The lion is clarym29, Sun Apr 22 14:38always out there--and one day will get you. But that is true for all people of all times--it's one of God's Laws--so why worry about it.
- I do and I don't worry ... Baruch, Sun Apr 22 16:05keeping an eye out is not the same as having a panic attack. All things in moderation, someplace in between inattention and panic. But you are correct, nobody gets out of here alive ... and good... more
- Yeah, but if you were a zombie that would rule...... clarym29, Sun Apr 22 17:52Moderation is all things. So trite. Yet I have nothing that is better to live by. when I stay moderate in all things I am closer to being in balance, and being in balance is what leads me to be... more
- Well balance/harmony isn't stasis ... Baruch, Sun Apr 22 22:03imagine a teeter-totter. Imagine two children, one on each end. If one is much bigger than the other, then the weight of the heavier one lifts the lighter one into the air, and there they stay, one... more
- Well sai ram, Sun Apr 22 20:40if you have a peanut allergy...there is no such thing as a moderate amount of peanuts....and being married as I am....what a moderate amount of "other women" could be?...unless zero is considered a... more
- Humans understand quality but not quantity ... Baruch, Sun Apr 22 22:05people are mostly innumerate. That is why the Pythagoreans among us can defraud us in finance, because nobody outside the bank understands the exponential function! Shalom
- the exception sai ram, Sun Apr 22 23:41they do understand quantity...if you say "all".....sai ram
- that is the entire point clarym29, Sun Apr 22 20:47Life is learning--that's the point. I understand the concept too--trying to live to it is not easy. You can have your chocolate fudge--I'll take all of your cookie dough ice cream, though. And down... more
- Remember, when driving a one ton vehicle ... Baruch, Sun Apr 22 22:07you are mostly an un-quided missile, without inertia keeping you in a straight line, it would be like riding the tiger, easy to get on, but impossible to get off. Shalom
- I have sai ram, Sun Apr 22 21:42I have an moderate amount of fear when my wife drives....no matter what the speed.....can one have an moderate amount of pain?....and what would that be?....and more importantly....could you loan me... more
- Sure, no problem clarym29, Mon Apr 23 12:32I've already sent you a moderate check --the check is moderately in the moderate mail. Sure, I experience a moderate amount of pain daily. I have taken to going to the gym for about an hour (time for ... more
- my father-in-law sai ram, Mon Apr 23 17:00My father-in-law died last november at age 100...he was an example of moderation....with the exception of the vices, he didn't do them in moderation cause as far as I knew he didn't have any....He... more
- Well the punishment for living forever is ... Baruch, Mon Apr 23 21:02you outlive everyone you ever knew or cared about, you outlive your home country, you outlive humanity, you get to witness the end of the universe. I certainly don't want to live to be 100, let alone ... more
- moderate rubber clarym29, Mon Apr 23 17:32sure the check is made of moderate rubber. I'm not saying that I have figured out life for the world. I am struggling with myself only. I do not wish to tell anyone else what to moderate or not... more
- I try and moderately work around the house sai ram, Mon Apr 23 19:07but the wife says she doesn't believe in moderation along those lines....could you explain to her how moderation is a good thing....I wonder if one put on their resume that they work moderately...if... more
- Go ahead clarym29, Mon Apr 23 19:41apply for work--I'll send you a glowing letter or recommendation--you are a true buzz-saw! Me--I'm too lazy in my retirement--moderately speaking, of course. As for you wife--one husband's moderation ... more
- No...no... no sai ram, Mon Apr 23 21:29"I honed the talent of always working while the boss was watching"..........where in the hell do you go to honing school at?....I've told my wife as long as she was watching, I wouldn't do... more
- Well clarym29, Mon Apr 23 23:10Well, until Hugh Heffner came along, one could not learn it much less teach it. I still don't like to talk about it.
- Spoken like a peasant ... Baruch, Mon Apr 23 21:00why is the wife always up at the big house, while you are out picking cotton? All women think men don't work hard ... mostly because they have excessive feelings of hard their lives are ... or just... more
- A moderate amount of deprivation ... Baruch, Sun Apr 22 22:13means you haven't overindulged. In pre-modern times, it was very hard if you weren't a king, to overindulge (see my cousin Henry VIII). This is why the Buddha told his monks and nuns ... only one... more
- Humanity is a weed, not a blight ... Baruch, Sun Apr 22 07:22we are more advanced than fungus, but not as advanced as the animal kingdom. Shalom