U.S. Army emergency response procedures following DU useSat Jul 5, 2008 13:4322.214.171.124-------- Original Message --------
Subject: U.S. Army emergency response procedures following DU use
Date: Sat, 5 Jul 2008 22:08:03 EDT
To: APFN@apfn.org, APFN@apfn.org
Please distribute these emergency response procedures world wide. Although all military personnel are supposed to have mastered this common task and complete these procedures whenever and where ever they come in contact with uranium weapons contamination It is obvious that they have not done so ..
Dr. Doug Rokke
former Director, U.S. Army Depleted Uranium Project
Task number: 031-503-1017 “RESPOND TO DEPLETED URANIUM/LOW LEVEL RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS (DULLRAM) HAZARDS”, STP 21-1-SMCT: Soldiers Manual of Common Tasks, Headquarters Department of the Army, Washington, D.C.
RESPOND TO DEPLETED URANIUM/LOW LEVEL RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS (DULLRAM) HAZARDS
NOTE: This task is for wartime situations only. Federal, state, and local laws and regulations have precedence during peacetime.
Given any combat situation where Depleted Uranium (DU) munitions, or weapon systems that may contain DU or other Low Level Radioactive (LLR) Materials are in use or may be used; cravat/handkerchief, assigned protective mask, first-aid supplies, article similar to duct tape, NBC protective gloves; and one of the following situations:
1. You encounter serviceable, expended, or damaged DU kinetic energy penetrators or other munitions containing DU.
2. You encounter operational or damaged US or foreign equipment that had dull-black, heavy dust with any of the following:
a. Radioactive components.
b. Spalling looks like melted and re-hardened solder and will be visible around the entry hole created by the DU round as it enters the armor of the vehicle. Residual splattering of spalling could be located inside the vehicle.
Prevent DULLRAM contamination from entering your body.
TRAINING AND EVALUATION
Training Information Outline
NOTE: DULLRAM contamination will not interfere with mission completion.
NOTE: The only way to confirm DULLRAM contamination is with a radiation detection device.
1. Identify DULLRAM hazard.
a. Identify serviceable, expended, or damaged DU kinetic energy penetrators or other munitions that might contain DU.
b. Identify possible radioactive components in US or foreign equipment.
c. Identify the following DULLRAM visual impact signatures on damaged US or foreign equipment:
(1) Spalling looks like melted and re-hardened solder and will be visible around the entry hole created by the DU round as it enters the armor of the vehicle. Residual splattering of spalling could be located inside the vehicle.
(2) Dull black heavy dust.
2. Protect respiratory system.
a. Put on field expedient respiratory protection (cravat, handkerchief, etc.)
b. Put on protective mask as required if you are working in or around burning vehicle/equipment/material.
NOTE: Only use protective mask if working in an area where heavy smoke or immediately after DU round has hit your vehicle/equipment/material or the dust plume from the impact has not settled.
3. Warn others of DULLRAM hazard.
a. Alert other crew members or individuals within 50 meters of the possible DULLRAM hazard.
b. If vehicle or munitions are on fire, immediately get out and seek adequate cover.
Vehicles that have been hit with munitions may contain unexploded ordnance. This ordnance may not retain its normal shape, and could be unstable. Exercise extreme caution when working near vehicles/equipment/materials, or when removing casualties, since the unstable ordnance may explode.
c. Don't react to this as you would an NBC attack.
NOTE: Individuals within a 50 meter radius of a vehicle are not required to wear respiratory protection unless they are working in an area where (1) heavy smoke, or (2) immediately after DU round has hit the vehicle/equipment/material, (3) or the dust plume from the impact has not settled.
NOTE: Do not submit NBC 1 Report too higher as you would with an NBC attack. Submit an NBC4 report.
4. Protect yourself from contact with DULLRAM.
a. Administer first aid as required.
(1) Immediately flush open wounds with water.
(2) Cover with field dressing. Do not attempt to remove any imbedded fragments.
b. Cover exposed skin if you are within 50 meters of hazard by pulling down sleeves, blouse pants, put on MOPP gloves, and button up coat.
c. Seal loose contamination on equipment surfaces using duct tape or other available products.
5. Report the suspected contamination to your supervisor and request further guidance.
NOTE: Contamination will make food and water unsafe for consumption. Contamination will not interrupt vehicle/equipment use.
Setup: Evaluate this task during a field exercise or during a normal training session. Establish a situation where contamination may occur. Have a piece of equipment or vehicle and simulate a DU round impact or LLR Material damaged by any means possible.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that the vehicle/equipment has possible contamination in a certain location. Tell the soldier to identify the possible hazard and respond appropriately to the situation.
Related: TB 9-1300-278 and FM 3-4
HANDS-ON EVALUATION DATE:
TASK TITLE TASK NUMBER
Respond To Depleted Uranium/Low Level Radioactive Materials (Dullram) Hazards (SL 1-4) 031-503-1017
ITEM PERFORMANCE STEP TITLE (CIRCLE ONE)
1 Identified possible hazards GO / NO GO
NOTE: Method used depends on scenario selected
2 Assumed field expedient respiratory protection cravat/handkerchief) immediately or donned protective mask as required GO / NO GO
3 Warned others of DULLRAM hazard GO / NO GO
a. Alerted other crew members or individuals within 50 meters of the possible DULLRAM hazard GO / NO GO
b. Got out of vehicle and seek shelter if vehicle or munitions are on fire GO / NO GO
4 Protected himself from contact with DULLRAM
a. Administered first aid
(1) Flushed open wounds with water.
(2) Covered open wounds with field dressing.
Did not attempt to remove any imbedded fragments
b. Covered exposed skin within 50 meters of hazard (pulled down sleeves, bloused pants, put on MOPP gloves, and buttoned up coat)
c. Sealed loose contamination on equipment surfaces GO / NO GO
GO / NO GO
GO / NO GO
5 Reported suspected contamination to supervisor GO / NO GO
Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show the soldier what was done wrong and how to do it correctly. Allow the soldier time to retrain and retest.
EVALUATOR'S NAME UNIT:
SOLDIER'S NAME STATUS:
GO / NO GO
The actual requirements and procedures for environmental remediation and medical care flollowing uranium weapons use are specified in U.S. Army regulation 700-48, U.S. Army PAM 700-48, U.S. Army Technical Bulletin 9-1300-278, and the April 2004 order signed by General Peake requiring prompt and effective medical care for all uranium weapons contamination exposed persons--but these mandatory requirements are ignored.
Specific actions that must be completed and those actions that are prohibited because of health and environmental hazards are stated in section 2-4 of U.S. Army regulation AR 700-48:
AR 700-48 Section 2–4. Handling of RCE
(1) During peacetime or as soon as operational risk permits, the Corps/JTF/Division Commander’s RSO will
identify, segregate, isolate, secure, and label all RCE. Procedures to minimize the spread of radioactivity will be
implemented as soon as possible.
(2) Radiologically contaminated equipment does not prevent the use of a combat vehicle or equipment for a combat
(3) RSO must consider the operational situation, mission, level of contamination, and types of contaminate when
evaluating the need to utilize contaminated equipment.
(4) After the Corps Commander certifies the equipment is decontaminated IAW established OEG or peacetime
regulations, it may be reutilized.
(5) The equipment for release for unrestricted use must be decontaminated to comply with peacetime regulations
(6) Explosives Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Units will render equipment safe prior to retrograde operations when
b. Use and cannibalization.
(1) The operation of RCE or cannibalization is prohibited unless the commander has determined that:
(a) The operational risk is comparable to that found in combat.
(b) The equipment is required for mission completion.
(c) Under no condition shall the following items be used or cannibalized if damaged: MC-1 Soil Moisture Density
Tester (Soil and Asphalt) (NSN 6635-01-030-6896), or commercially procured TROXLER Surface Moisture-Density
Gauge AN/UDM-2 RADIAC Calibrator Set (NSN 6665-00-179-9037), AN/UDM-6 RADIAC Calibrator Set (NSN
(2) Under those circumstances in which the commander has waived prohibitive use (see para 2-4b(1)) and deter-mined
that the operational risk is comparable to combat, equipment may be decontaminated and used for a specified
mission. Once the circumstances are met, operational necessity is over, that waived contaminated equipment will be
handled IAW peacetime procedures.
(1) The unit/team/individual responsible for the equipment, whether friendly or foreign, at the time of damage or
contamination is responsible for taking all action consistent with this regulation and DA PAM 700-48.
(2) The MACOM commander may designate a radioactive waste/commodity processing facility. The ACERT,
RADCON and RAMT Teams may be deployed to assist in the processing and management supervision of RCE.
(3) Maintenance forms, warning tags, and other forms of communication will be used to ensure that personnel
involved in the reclamation are aware of the contamination status.
(4) In peacetime, RCE will be transported to the command esignated location for receipt of radioactive material
where the extent of contamination can be assessed and remediated under controlled conditions.
(5) In peacetime, the Corps/JTF/Division Commander’s RSO monitor the separation of RCE from uncontaminated
equipment. The separation must be maintained throughout the entire handling process.
(6) All equipment, to include captured or combat RCE, will be surveyed, packaged, retrograded, decontaminated and
released IAW Technical Bulletin 9-1300-278, DA PAM 700-48 and other relevant guidance.
(7) Equipment will be decontaminated to the maximum extent as far forward in theater as possible, IAW the OEG.
Under all other conditions, decontamination in-theater will be performed only in accordance with guidance from the
ACERT/RADCON/Chemical Officer/NBC Staff.
d. Personal Safety. Personnel handling contaminated equipment need to follow the personal safety measures outlined
in DA PAM 700-48 and AR 40-5.
(1) In general, environmental impact must be considered prior to equipment retrograde. Retrograde operations must
minimize the spread of contamination preventing further harm to personnel and damage to equipment.
(2) Radioactive material and waste will not be locally disposed of through burial, submersion, incineration, destruction in place, or abandonment without approval from overall MACOM commander. If local disposal is approved, the
responsible MACOM commander must document the general nature of the disposed material and the exact location of
the disposal. As soon as possible the MACOM commander must forward all corresponding documentation to the Chief,
Health Physicist, AMCSF-P, HQAMC.
(3) Demilitarization in the field is authorized only as a means to ensure that the equipment will not fall into enemy
5 AR 700–48 • 16 September 2002
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