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Organic Farming Outperforms Conventional Agriculture
Tue Jun 23, 2015 04:51
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http://www.permaculture.co.uk/sites/default/files/permaculture_logo2.gif - http://www.permaculture.co.uk - http://www.permaculture.co.uk/news/1006156357/30-year-old-trial-finds-organic-farming-outperforms-conventional-agriculture

30 Year Old Trial Finds Organic Farming Outperforms Conventional Agriculture - Permaculture magazine - Wednesday, 10th June 2015 - Is organic farming more resilient, higher yielding, more energy efficient and more profitable? The Rodale Institute's latest report of a 30 year trial says it is. Read the full report free here. -
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The Farming Systems Trial (FST)® at Rodale Institute is America’s longest running, side-by-side comparison of organic and chemical agriculture. Started in 1981 to study what happens during the transition from chemical to organic agriculture, the FST surprised a food community that still scoffed at organic practices. After an initial decline in yields during the first few years of transition, the organic system soon rebounded to match or surpass the conventional system. Over time, FST became a comparison between the long term potential of the two systems.

After a 30 year side-by-side trial, the Rodale report shows:

Organic yields match conventional yields.
Organic outperforms conventional in years of drought.
Organic farming systems build rather than deplete soil organic matter, making it a more sustainable system.
Organic farming uses 45% less energy and is more efficient.
Conventional systems produce 40% more greenhouse gases.
Organic farming systems are more profitable than conventional.

Although the Rodale Institute Farming Systems Trial is America’s longest-running side-by-side comparison of organic versus conventional farming, a number of universities have established long-term trials over the years. Between them all, they know that organic agriculture is more profitable, builds more soil fertility over time, and can yield just as much as conventional systems.

"As we face uncertain and extreme weather patterns, growing scarcity and expense of oil, lack of water, and a growing population, we will require farming systems that can adapt, withstand or even mitigate these problems while producing healthy, nourishing food. After more than 30 years of side-by-side research in our Farming Systems Trial (FST), Rodale Institute has demonstrated that organic farming is better equipped to feed us now and well into the ever changing future."

You can read the full Farming Systems Trial Report free HERE.

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willpwilson 908 Local Farming Can Feed Most of America - Fri Jun 19, 2015

Local Farming Can Feed Most of America - http://sorendreier.com/local-farming-can-feed-most-of-america/ - http://sorendreier.com/ -
http://3i2lq13pvwgh2ffbbxk9da411le.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/framing-726x400.jpg - Linked from -http://www.stevequayle.com/ - & - http://www.Rense.com - to the http://www.APFN.org Message News Board - http://disc.yourwebapps.com/Indices/149495.html by (Dr.) Will P. Wilson on June 19, 2015

http://sorendreier.com/local-farming-can-feed-most-of-america/ -
Local Farming Can Feed Most of America Posted on June 19, 2015 by Soren Dreier Author: Annie Wu

Farmers markets and farm-to-table restaurants are all the rage today. Food made from locally grown produce is considered more sustainable for the environment, and for the people who work the land.
While many health- and environment-conscious consumers are hungry for more. Locally grown food remains a niche market, with most of America’s food coming from large, industrial farms shipped over long distances to reach our supermarkets.

Conventionally grown produce travels an average of 1,494 miles from farm to point of sale, according to a study by the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture at Iowa State University.

But researchers at University of California–Merced, recently discovered that there’s potential for more of our food to be locally sourced.

Through conducting a mapping study, researchers found that most U.S. cities can feed 80 to 100 percent of their residents with food grown and raised on farmland within a 50-mile radius.

Some large coastal cities, like New York City, have limited local food capacity—farmland within 50 miles can only support about 10 percent of its population. But if the limits were expanded to 100 miles, New York’s surrounding farmland capacity grows to about 30 percent.

Professor Elliott Campbell and graduate student Andrew Zumkehr arrived at their calculations by first figuring out how many calories someone on a typical American diet would consume, then converting that number to a figure representing the number of agricultural crops and livestock numbers that would be required to produce those calories of food (they also did this for a vegetarian diet and a meat-heavy diet).

For livestock, they made calculations based on conventional farming practices, not grass-fed methods.

Then, they mapped out all the available farmland in the country using data from the National Science Foundation, and calculated the land’s productivity using USDA (Department of Agriculture) crop yield data.

Read More: Here - http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/1397597-local-farming-can-feed-most-of-america-says-new-study/ - http://www.theepochtimes.com/ - epoch times - https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl#q=epoch+times - http://iankanebooks.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/epoch-times.jpg -
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The Internet That Was (and Still Could Be) http://www.theatlantic.com/ - As corporations like Facebook gain control over more and more online activities, the web's core values are at stake.
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/06/medium-is-the-message-paradise-paved-internet-architecture/396227/ - By DAVID WEINBERGER - http://cdn.theatlantic.com/assets/media/img/authors/w/david-weinberger/headshot/headshot.jpg - http://www.theatlantic.com/author/david-weinberger/ -

The Internet That Was (and Still Could Be) As corporations like Facebook gain control over more and more online activities, the web's core values are at stake.

It is not enough for the Internet to succeed. It must succeed inevitably.

Or so many of us Internet Triumphalists in the mid-1990s thought. For, if the march of the Internet’s new values were not unstoppable, then it would surely be stopped by our age-old inclinations and power structures. The Net, as we called it then, would become just another venue for the familiar patterns of marginalization, exclusion, oppression, and ignorance.

Now I’m afraid the argument for inevitability that kept me, and others, hopeful for 20 years no longer holds.

It’s a simple argument that we can all the Argument from Architecture:

The Internet’s architecture is highly unusual.

The Internet’s architecture reflects certain values.

Our use of the Net, based on that architecture, strongly encourages the adoption of those values.

Therefore, the Internet tends to transform us and our institutions in ways that reflect those values.

And that’s a good thing.

Premise No. 1 makes me a cyber-exceptionalist. Premise No. 3 assumes there’s weak causality at work, making me some flavor of technodeterminist. The sweep of the transformations promised in Premise No. 4 results from the cyber-exceptionalism of Premise No. 1. Because I like the values referred to in No. 2, Premise No. 5 asserts my cyber-utopianism.


I still believe the Net’s architecture is exceptional and reflects values that Western liberals like me take as fundamental. That architecture moves packets of information around without any central management or control. It moves them without favoritism based on content, sender, recipient, or type of application. It enables us to connect with one another and with what we create for each other without asking permission. The Internet’s architecture therefore values open access to information, the democratic and permission-free ability to read and to post, an open market of ideas and businesses, and provides a framework for bottom-up collaboration among equals.

In the past I would have said that so long as this architecture endures, so will the transfer of values from that architecture to the systems that run on top of it. But while the Internet’s architecture is still in place, the values transfer may actually be stifled by the many layers that have been built on top of it.

In short, my fear is that the Internet has been paved. You can spend an entire lifetime on the Internet and never feel its loam between your toes.

* * *

Technodeterminism is the belief—more often a mere assumption—that technology shapes our thought and behavior. Taken at its crudest, it says that technology shapes us the way a falling safe shapes anyone underneath it: We’re powerless to resist what it does to us, and it does the same thing to all people.

Most technodeterminists aren’t absolutists, except perhaps for the people who maintain that using the Internet affects your brain—shortening your attention span, diminishing your ability to build larger thoughts from smaller ones, etc. I have been a softer technodeterminist, thinking that the Internet affects us more like a library than a falling safe: Being inside a library can influence your ideas about what’s of value, how things go together, and what sort of behavior is optimal.

In many ways, Facebook fulfilled the dream of blogging.
In the past, though, I have believed that there is a certain inevitability to these soft effects: Even if you use a hemmed-in version of the Internet in a repressive regime, I thought, you’d still learn some beneficial lessons from that experience. But, “using the Internet” can entail anything from blogging to bullying to doing piece work for Amazon’s Mechanical Turk. If I adjust my Nest thermostat, I’m using the Internet, but does anyone think that that encourages me to adopt so-called Internet values? The case is stronger if we talk about the web instead of the Internet, but in the Age of Apps, the web is in decline.

Technodeterminism in its stronger versions is much derided, but we need something like it if we want to be able to carry on discussions about what the Internet is doing to us and our institutions. The nature of that “doing to us” needs a sensible explanation, though. Even if it’s more like a library than safe, how can a mere tool affect how we understand the world?

The media scholar Nancy Baym talks about “social shaping” as a middle

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    • Organic Farming Outperforms Conventional Agriculture — willpwilson 908, Tue Jun 23 04:51
    • Organic Farming Outperforms Conventional Agriculturewillpwilson 908, Tue Jun 23 04:35
      - http://www.permaculture.co.uk - http://www.permaculture.co.uk/news/1006156357/30-year-old-trial-finds-organic-farming-outperforms-conventional-agriculture 30 Year Old Trial Finds Organic Farming... more
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