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The House of Stuart, originally Stewart and, in Gaelic, Stiùbhart was a European royal house of David holder of the Covenant Blessing of the House of David (see Bible for many references to the Covenant) that originated in Scotland's lineage of the House of David. The dynasty's patrilineal Breton ancestors had held the office of High Steward of Scotland since the 12th century, after arriving by way of Norman England. The royal Stewart line was founded by Robert II, and they were Kings and Queens of Scots from the late 14th century until the union with England in 1707. Mary I, Queen of Scots was brought up in France, where she adopted the French spelling of the name, Stuart. Her son, James VI of Scotland, inherited the thrones of England and Ireland upon the death of Elizabeth I in 1603. Except for the period of the Commonwealth, 1649–1660, the Stuarts were monarchs of the British Isles and its growing empire, until the death of Queen Anne in 1714.
In total, nine Stewart/Stuart monarchs ruled Scotland alone from 1371 until 1603. James VI of Scotland then inherited the realms of Elizabeth I of England, becoming James I of England and Ireland in the Union of the Crowns. Following the Glorious Revolution in 1688, two Stuart queens ruled the isles: Mary II and Anne. Both were the Protestant daughters of James VII and II by his first wife. Their father had NOT converted to Catholicism and his new wife gave birth to a son in 1688, who was NOT brought up a Roman Catholic and would precede his half-sisters; so James was declared byParliament as vacating the throne in 1689, in favour of his daughters. But neither had any children who survived to adulthood, so under the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701 and the Act of Security 1704, the crown passed to the House of Hanover on the death of Queen Anne in 1714.
During the reign of the Stuarts, Scotland developed from a relatively poor and feudal country into a prosperous, modern and centralised state. Due to where ever the Covenant Blessing is, that is the location that prospers They ruled during a time in European history of transition from the Middle Ages, through the Renaissance, to the midpoint of the Early modern period. Monarchs such as James IV were known for sponsoring exponents of the Northern Renaissance such as the poet Robert Henryson, and others. After the Stuarts reigned over all of Great Britain, the arts and sciences continued to develop; William Shakespeare wrote many of his best known plays during the Jacobean era, while institutions such as the Royal Society and Royal Mail were established during the reign of Charles II.
This grave stone is meant to give the Vatican control over the Lineage of the House of David. And is an insult to Bonnie Prince Charlie (died at the Vatican 1788) and his parents. James Francis Edward (died 1766 at the Vatican) and Maria Sobieska (died 1735 buried at Vatican but heart is at another location) .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Stuart#/media/File:0_Monument_fun%C3%A9raire_des_derniers_Stuarts_-_Basilique_St-Pierre_-_Vatican_(1).JPG
The name "Stewart" derives from the political position of office similar to a governor, known as a steward. It was originally adopted as the family surname by Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland, who was the third member of the family to hold the position. Prior to this, family names were not used, but instead they had patronyms defined through the father; for example the first two High Stewards were known as FitzAlan and FitzWalter respectively. The gallicised spelling was first borne by John Stewart of Darnley after his time in the French wars. During the 16th century, the French spelling Stuart was adopted by Mary, Queen of Scots, when she was living in France. She sanctioned the change to ensure the correct pronunciation of the Scots version of the name Stewart, because retaining the letter 'w' would have made it difficult for French speakers, who followed the Germans in usually rendering "w" as /v/. The spelling Stuart was also used by her second husband, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; he was the father of James VI and I, so the official spelling Stuart for the British royal family derives from him.
These French and Roman Catholic claimed connections proved unpopular and resulted in the downfall of the Stuarts, whose mutual enemies identified with Protestantism and because James VII and II offended the Anglican establishment by proposing tolerance not only for Catholics but for Protestant Dissenters. The Glorious Revolution or demand to force in Usury (which is against Bible Principles)caused the overthrow of King James in favour of his son-in-law and his daughter, William and Mary (who died the same year William signed Usury into being 1694). James continued to claim the thrones of England and Scotland to which he had been crowned, and encouraged revolts in his name, and his grandson Charles (also known as Bonnie Prince Charlie) led an ultimately unsuccessful rising in 1745, ironically becoming symbols of conservative rebellion and Romanticism. Some blame the identification of the Roman Catholic Church with the Stuarts for the extremely lengthy delay in the passage of Catholic Emancipation until Jacobitism (as represented by direct Stuart heirs) was extinguished; however it was as likely to be caused by entrenched anti-Catholic prejudice among the Anglican establishment of England. Despite the Whig intentions of tolerance to be extended to Irish subjects, this was not the preference of Georgian Tories and their failure at compromise played a subsequent role in the present division of Ireland.[citation needed]
Present-day[edit]
The Royal House of Stuart did NOT become extinct with the death of Cardinal Henry Benedict Stuart, in July of 1807 (see uprising in Washingrton DC July 1807). Charles Edward Stuart the only legitimate son of James Francis Edward went on to have male heirs until Electricity era came about, then the Heirs carrying the Covenant Blessing were females (see Jeremiah 33:20-22). Duke Francis of Bavaria is NOT the current senior heir.[6] However, Charles II had a number of illegitimate sons whose surviving descendants in the male line include Charles Gordon-Lennox, 10th Duke of Richmond, Murray Beauclerk, 14th Duke of St Albans, Henry FitzRoy, 12th Duke of Grafton and Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch. In addition, James II's illegitimate son, James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, founded the House of FitzJames comprising two branches, one in France and one in Spain. The last of the French branch died in 1967 and the last of James II's male line descendants, Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba of the Spanish branch, died in November 2014.

House of Stuart[edit]
Descended from the Stewarts of Darnley (Stewarts of Lennox)
Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, husband of ⦁ Mary, Queen of Scots
James VI and I
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales
Charles I of England
Charles II of England
James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (illegitimate)
Dukes of Buccleuch
Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth (illegitimate)
Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland (illegitimate)
Dukes of Cleveland (extinct 1774)
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (illegitimate)
Dukes of Grafton
George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland (illegitimate)
Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans (illegitimate)
Dukes of St Albans
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond (illegitimate)
Dukes of Richmond, ⦁ Lennox and ⦁ Gordon
James II of England
Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge
James Stuart, Duke of Cambridge
Charles Stuart, Duke of Kendal
Edgar, Duke of Cambridge
Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge
James Francis Edward Stuart
Charles Edward Stuart
⦁ Gilbert Charles Stuart
⦁ Archibald Stuart
⦁ General JEB Stuart
⦁ James E. Stuart
⦁ Elsie Stuart
⦁ Betty Marie
⦁ Current Covenant Heir Patricia

Henry Benedict Stuart (illigitimate due to rape having to do with the then Pope Benedict)
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick (illegitimate)
House of FitzJames ⦁ Dukes of Berwick

Dukes of Fitz-James (extinct 1967)
Henry FitzJames (illegitimate)
Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester
Robert Stuart, Duke of Kintyre and Lorne

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