Ex-News Junkie
Gravity breaks determinism
Sat Jul 22, 2017 10:17am

Space and time is defined as the separation and relative movement of particles, observed by the exchange of photons.

If there are no observable particles, there is no causal connection - Determinism is broken. Deterministic outcomes are broken by intense gravity in the formation of black holes.

Black holes nevertheless exist. They are an unobservable, non-deterministic extant state of the universe - an abstract state in which time and space no longer have any meaning to us, but which still can have external physical effects, such as gravitational.

Therefore there are abstract states of the universe that are internally non-deterministic to an outside observer. Abstract states that have physical effects. An abstraction can cause an effect...

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