Waael ebn Fekry
Merci Beaucoup Dr. Marc/The Article's English Version!
Thu May 31, 2012 20:38
41.34.231.96

Respectable Dr./ Marc Gabolde,

Merci beaucoup pour cette "Cadeau Egyptologique" fantastique! It is definitely an important addition to the data-base of my research on the Late 18th Dynasty Period, and the Āmoan-Ĥāţep_4/Akhen-Ātoan_1 Bi-Personae/Bi-Genders Theme. However, since the document's content about Nephers˘phris and Tonephers˘phris, is obviously in need of some calm and meticulous examination and analysis, I claim a period's researcher should not be swift or uncautious in responding to it.

In response to your precious "Cadeau Egyptologique", I present to the A.N.E.C.F. respectable colleagues part of an English Language Version for the same document. The source copy of this 'Version Anglais' IS NOT AN ACCURATE ONE, so I tried to do some revision, and I corrected some 'typos', scholars' names and books titles. Since you know the French Initial Version much better than me, I hope you may be able to modify/correct the names transliterations into a more proper notation style, in the near future :


Institute of Egyptology Franšois Daumas
UMR 5140 "Archaeology of Mediterranean Societies"
CNRS - UniversitÚ Paul ValÚry (Montpellier III)
Two mentions of Akhen-Ātoan praenomen
in a Byzantine encyclopedia of Xth century

Fabien Hertier
Cite this article:
F. Hertier, "Two mentions of praenomen of Akhen-Ātoan in a Byzantine encyclopedia
Tenth century, "ENIM 5, 2012, p. 115-117.
IN Mi - A review of Egyptology internet is freely downloadable from the site
Internet team "Nilotic and Mediterranean Egypt" of the UMR 5140, "Archaeology Mediterranean societies ": http://recherche.univ-montp3.fr/egyptologie/enim/

Page 2

Two mentions of Akhen-Ātoan praenomen
in a Byzantine encyclopedia of Xth century
Fabien Hertier

Institute of Egyptology Franšois Daumas
UMR 5140 (CNRS - UniversitÚ Paul-ValÚry - Montpellier III)
IT IS GENERALLY ACCEPTED that the traumatic memory of Akhen-Ātoan - he did not disappear to later periods - was more or less mixed with the memory of famous pharaohs for their black legend and Extremes, who scored through to the landscape of Egypt: one thinks including Khufu, builder "megalomaniac" of the Great Pyramid.

A Reminiscence remained more or less, if the name disappeared. And indeed, damnatio memoriae which suffered the figure of the heretic of Amarna was such that no Greek source (and lists manÚthoniennes others) has so far passed the "name" or "name" of the pharaoh.

2
Yet it seems that two sections of the Byzantine encyclopedia of Suidas (Xth century)
3
make reference explicitly to Neferkheperourŕ
4
And a little more obscure in its sinister
memory, demonstrating that this coronation name still existed in the later periods -
probably in the royal artillery which the Greeks had recourse, but perhaps also in the collective memory
5
- And that the ancient and Byzantine historians possessed other lists natives than Manetho, which does not mention the heretic
6
A. About the 'repression', deformation / displacement of the Amarna episode in consciousness
Egyptian, see especially J. ASSMANN
Moses the Egyptian. A test history of memory, Paris, 2001, p. 58, and p. 74 to 75. Concerning the attribution of harm to Akhen-Ātoan. Khufu, one may consult ES MELTZER,
"Herodotus on Akhen-Ātoan", DiscEg 15, 1989, p. 51 to 55.
2
But Pharaoh Oros of Manetho is often identified as Amoan-Ĥāţep_IV--Akhen-Ātoan (cf. W G WADDELL, Manetho, Cambridge [Massachusetts], 1940, p. 103). Note that his reign of 36 years and five months, according to the Grand Sebennytos priest, and very rough correspondence with the name of the ancient Egyptian W ę ę-nR, appear strongly object to this identification ...
3
The Souda is a compilation of earlier works. His time of writing the subject of debate, but some
historical details made to the "Adam" seem to argue for a date near 1000. In for the Greek text, one may consult the reference edition of A. ADLER, Suidae Lexicon (5 vols.), 1928-1938, or the website Suda On Line: http://www.stoa.org/sol/.
4
I would like to thank Mr. Gabolde strongly, who provided me with invaluable assistance for this article.
5
One could rely on the fact that Manetho, for example, seems to have used as folk to build its history of Egypt, cf. WG WADDELL, Op. cit., p. XXV-XXVI: "Manetho Introduced Into Year Already corrupted series of dynastic lists a number of popular traditions cash en the characteristic Egyptian style. " The information of Suidas appear anyway and it remains somewhat obscure "proverbial" who would do this.
6
The idea is not new: cf. particular ibid., p. 234-235, n. 1. I
Page 3

Fabien Hertier
ENIM 5, 2012, p. 115-117
116 One can read in articles 3399 and τ ε 762 of Suidas: [3399 e] Εὐγράμματον ὄνομα: τὸ εὔφημον. Οὐκ εὐγράμματον δὲ τὸ δύσφημον: ὡς τὸ
Νεφέρσωφρις Αἰγύπτου βασιλεύς.
Εὐγράμματον ὄνομα ("well-written name"): [name] auspicious. Οὐκ εὐγράμματον ("which is
not well written "), [name] ominous: well for [the expression]" King Nephers˘phris
of Egypt. "
[Τ 762] Τονεφέρσωφρις: βασιλεὺς Αἰγύπτου.
Tonephers˘phris: king of Egypt. Adler
7
does not link these two items no source identified. There is a coronation name completely unknown (Nephers˘phris)
8
, Which seems to makes
Egyptian. Probably the variant "Tonephers˘phris" Is not that a clerical error: the beginning of the formula Τὸ Νεφέρσωφρις Αἰγύπτου βασιλεύς (the term "king Nephers˘phris
of Egypt "), cited in ε 3399, would have by involuntary contraction in τ 762, the royal name Τονεφέρσωφρις (Tonephers˘phris).
If we are to believe Suidas, the malignancy of this king was therefore Nephers˘phris proverbial for the Greeks,
and probably also for the Egyptians themselves.
The problem is the identification of the Egyptian form hidden under this praenomen Hellenized. The first-Νεφερ, probably corresponds to the Egyptian-Nfr, which is found
frequently in the initial several anthroponyms
9. It is indeed much less likely
Νεφερ-N corresponds to the Egyptian "y ≠ f as in the name NepheritŔs (Νεφερίτης, Egypt N "-y ≠ f ę"-r [w] d [≠ f])
10
Or N "-nfr
11.
The second part-σωφρις, lights quickly when compared to forms of Greek or Latin
praenomen of Thutmose III: Μίσαφρις in Manetho (Africanus and conserved in accordance George Syncellus)
12
corresponding to the Egyptian-Mn ≈ pr-R ę
13
, Or the Latin form
Mesphres, Pliny the Elder, which is also the same praenomen ≈ Mn-pr-R ę
14.
7
See supra n. 3.
8


  • Akhenaten as Nephers˘phris in a Byzantine sourceMarc Gabolde, Tue May 29 03:44
    Dear member of the ANECF Dear colleagues, Please, find a link for an article (author Fabien Hertier, Montpellier) devoted to a surprising mention of Akhenaten in a Byzantine encyclopaedia from the... more
    • Merci Beaucoup Dr. Marc/The Article's English Version! — Waael ebn Fekry, Thu May 31 20:38
    • re: Akhenaten as Nephers˘phris in a Byzantine sourceMarianne Luban, Wed May 30 09:40
      Dear Marc, I cannot access the article--can you summarize it? But does Nephers˘phris really amount to Neferkheperure even in the Northern Egyptian dialect--or just Neferkheperre? My research into... more
      • Nephers˘phris AkhenatenMarc Gabolde, Thu May 31 08:53
        Dear Marianne, Thank you very much for posting and advice. If you need a pdf copy of F. Hertierĺs article, I can send it in attachment with the help of a valid e-mail address. If you have some... more
        • re: Nephers˘phris AkhenatenMarianne Luban, Thu May 31 17:09
          Dear Marc, I'll try to access the paper again, but first I'll respond to some of your philological concerns. You wrote: ôConcerning the identity of Nephers˘phris, it seems that Akhenaten fits better... more
          • Nephers˘phris AkhenatenAnonymous, Fri Jun 1 06:02
            Dear Marianne, MG original ôConcerning the identity of Nephers˘phris, it seems that Akhenaten fits better with the text of Suidas due to the ill reputation of that king. The other possible king would ... more
            • re: Nephers˘phris AkhenatenMarianne Luban, Fri Jun 1 20:23
              MG Original ôThe fact that /p/ disappears in xpr.w from the name of Akhenaten in the Amarna Letters is not as embarassing as you suggest. This is probably the result of the /p/ or /b/ of the first... more
          • re: Nephers˘phris AkhenatenMarianne Luban, Thu May 31 18:18
            I have read the brief paper but am skeptical about the prenomen of Akhenaten being represented here: Headword:... more
      • re: Akhenaten as Nephers˘phris in a Byzantine sourceMarianne Luban, Wed May 30 12:57
        Oh--I left out the most important part of what I was trying to say, which is--where is a king named Neferkheperre? I don't know of one. However, I am also skeptical of the name "Nephers˘phris" on... more
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