Jaime O
Re: Dahamunza Again
Thu Aug 3, 2017 09:24

Hi Joe,

Thank you for the reply. I apologize for not replying promptly. Real life got in the way.

“There can be no letters sent to/by Tutankhamun as the Amarna archive had already been closed when the city was abandoned as a royal residence, during the third year of Nefernefuaten.”

I agree with you, and with anyone who argues that Tutankhamun never ruled at Amarna, given the lack of explicit evidence of him ever residing there. It seems that Neferneferuaten was the one to move out of the said city. I see the pharaohs with whom the Mesopotamian kings and vassals corresponded as being Amenhotep III, Akhenaten and Smenkhkare (yes, I know you’ll disagree on Smenkhkare).

“Thus any Pharaonic royal name in the address of the Amarna correspondence should refer to only Amenhotep or Akhenaten.”

Again, agree.

“Both are in international Akkadian, one is the very fragmentary EA 210, ([.i]pḫuri[.]) from central Syria and the other is EA 9 (Nipḫurririya) from Babylon, the content of which shows that both kings had already corresponded several times. This latter form is the same as the form in the Hittite annals (Nipḫururiya), which is written in Hittite.”

Yes, but Mursili II did not write his annals in international Akkadian. Nevertheless, it seems that Neferkheperure and Nebkheperure were similar enough in the mind of the Hittites to make them confused, and almost certainly there was not a standard translation of these names, but rather various attempts by various people from various generations to write down what they heard. The fact that there were four successive kings whose pronomens ended in -kheperure seems to me to be the problem. I do, however, concede the possibility of Niphururiya standing for Neferkheperure, but under the influence of the spelling of Nebkheperure, which was (at least in my chronology) the reigning pharaoh at the time of Mursili.

“No, I have Ay only becoming Pharoah on the death of Tutankhamun, that is technically on the day the falcon (Pharaoh) flew to heaven.”

My bad, thank you for the correction. It is, of course, possible that Aya simply became king *after* Tutankhamun died, but do we have more examples of royal tombs were a successor is depicted performing funeral rites on his immediate predecessor?

Honest regards,

  • Re: Dahamunza AgainJoe Baker, Tue Jul 11 06:48
    Hi Jaime I am not specialized on linguistics, so I must side with those (like Marianne) who say that Nibhururyia is a better fit for Nebkheperure. This, nevertheless, does not invalidate Miller’s... more
    • Re: Dahamunza Again — Jaime O, Thu Aug 3 09:24
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