Marianne Luban
Re: Judges 11 and the date of the exodus
Sun Sep 3, 2017 09:56
75.162.81.221




Joe wrote:

"You said that the inscription in the tomb of Ahmose son of Abana tells how, after the capture of Avaris, "the people were driven out and went to a place called Sharuhen". This is not correct. The inscription is not concerned with overall outcomes but with the deeds of Ahmose himself. It does not mention people being driven from Avaris nor that any people went to Sharuhen, only that after the capture of Avaris the next campaign Ahmose went on was the three year seige of Sharuhen. Sharuhen was outside Egypt as Ahmose mentions that after Pharaoh Ahmose captured Sharuhen he (returned) from slaying the Asiatic nomads."

That is how it has been traditionally interpreted--that the people of vanquished Avaris decided to hole up at Sharuhen. Otherwise, one would need to explain what problem Ahmose [the Theban prince] had with Sharuhen and why it was worth bothering with for three years of siege. Also, if Avaris remained populated, then it continued to be a threat as, even though presumably Khamudi had been killed or deposed, another foreign ruler could rise up. Ahmose surely knew that his predecessors, Seqenenre and Kamose, had failed to get rid of the Hyksos and neither became king of all Egypt--but Ahmose evidently did and ruled the Delta, as well, as he was able to give Delta lands to whomever he pleased. Avaris was one of the largest cities in Egypt at the time and, without being in control of it, the enemy being gone, I don't think it would have been possible to claim the Delta.

In fact, some later Egyptian historians must have known that Ahmose did drive out the Hyksos, as they claimed he was the pharaoh of the exodus--rightly or wrongly. But he had competition there in Thutmose I. That's why Hatshepsut made her claim at the Speos Artemidos--because she knew he had driven people from Avaris and, because she was his imaginary coregent, could take credit for it, too. Evidently, within the 20-year reign of Amenhotep I, some other foreign persons had managed to take over the city. For anyone who would like to see the biography of Ahmose son of Abana in hieroglyphs with transliteration and translation, see here


https://mjn.host.cs.st-andrews.ac.uk/egyptian/texts/corpus/pdf/urkIV-001.pdf

  • Re: Judges 11 and the date of the exodusJoe Baker, Fri Sep 1 13:33
    Hi Marianne You said that the inscription in the tomb of Ahmose son of Abana tells how, after the capture of Avaris, "the people were driven out and went to a place called Sharuhen". This is not... more
    • Re: Judges 11 and the date of the exodus — Marianne Luban, Sun Sep 3 09:56
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