Joe Baker
Re: Chabiru
Wed Apr 11, 2018 21:03
2001:8003:861e:3e00:65c9:4dd7:57c6:78cd

Hi Tory

KEL A is not a tablet that lays out names and their qualifier in column form (that is each name below the previous one). So limu X does not occupy row X. KEL A has no columns only rows which are continuous filled in with limu names (with their qualifiers) and a few author’s notes. The only order is that each new row (other than those with the few author’s notes) begins with a new limu and on the whole there are 2 limus (with their qualifiers) per row although occasionally a row can have 3 limus (if one or more have no qualifier). The names of each limu (and qualifier) are separated by a wedge but no attempt is made to align these wedges so as to create 2 columns. The length of each entry depends wholely on the length of each name (and qualifier). Any extra space required is provided by continuing the row around to the edge side.

Veenhof does not discuss this limu’s name but does write this about his qualifier ḫapirum - and I will here write “” for Veenhof’s "h"

the well-known social appellative for displaced persons who may find refuge and employment elsewhere. It is attested in OA in OIP 27 no.5:9 “awilū ḫapirū of the palace of Šalaḫšuwa”, presumably men in the (military?) service of a local ruler [27 - See for the context J. Bottéro, Le problème des ḫabiru (CRRAI 4: Paris 1954) 8ff.] A man with the good Akkadian name Šu-Anum, apparently known as “the ḫapirum”, must have found refuge and employment in Assur and became sufficiently accepted in the Assyrian community to become eligible as līmum.

Regards Joe


  • Re: ChabiruTory, Wed Apr 11 17:12
    Hi Joe I thought line 27 was the entry for Ibni-Adad? Regards Tory
    • Re: Chabiru — Joe Baker, Wed Apr 11 21:03
      • Re: ChabiruTory, Wed Apr 11 21:19
        Hi Joe Thanks. What is the page number for this citation? It makes no sense to me that the term is an appellative for brigands when this man occupies one of the most prestigious posts in the world at ... more
        • Re: ChabiruJoe Baker, Thu Apr 12 00:07
          Hi Tory Page 25. In the Old Hittite treaty with the Ḫapiru (CTH 17) they were military men, with their name being written in Sumerian logograms as ERÍN.MEŠ SA.GAZ, and who were expected to... more
          • Re: ChabiruTory, Thu Apr 12 00:29
            Hi Joe Thanks. I've no doubt they could and did serve as military men, but this is little different than Aramaeans being used as such by the Neo-Assyrians. The Sumerian logogram is only translated... more
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