Marianne Luban
Smenkhkare Head
Sat Aug 11, 2018 11:41

This post has nothing that has any impact on the chronology of ancient Egyptian history. Frederick Giles, in his "The Amarna Age: Western Asia" wrote "The minimum number of years for the reign [of Suppiluliuma] can be estimated as : the last fifteen years of Amenhotep III, six years of Ikhnaton, two years of Smenkhkare, nine years of Tutankhamen, and about five years after the death of Tutankhamen, a total of some thirty-seven years." [page 257]

It is apparent that Giles believed in a co-regency between Amenhotep III and Akhenaten, but if one reckons with a co-regency of eight years [as I do] and add

15 years of Amenhotep III
9 for Akhenaten
3 for interim rulers
10 for Tutankhamen

one gets 37 years right there and one does not necessarily need another five years after the death of Tutankhamen for the Hittite king to die. It amounts to about the same.

As for the ephemeral Smenkhkare, my research indicates that he has been hiding in plain sight all along and spent all or part of his youth at El Amarna. A number of heads of children with their elongated crania have been discovered there and it has been assumed that they were all of princesses, the daughters of Akhenaten. But Tushratta of Mitanni, who felt free to write to that king and even the dowager queen, Tiye, in quite an informal manner, sent wishes for the heath of the sons of the "pharaoh". It makes sense that Tushratta, whose own daughter was married to Akhenaten, would know if the latter had sons or not.

On the other hand, people have been speculating about a younger brother of Akhenaten for years. He couldn't have been very old when their father died because even Akhenaten was still only about 20 at the time. It's another possibility and, while the sons of a pharaoh could possibly be mentioned in writing, his brothers never were. One never finds the phrase "sn nsw" [king's brother]--although Thutmose III is referred to as the brother of Hatshepsut on a statue of the Viceroy of Kush, Inebni. But that was a strange and unusual situation.

In this paper

you can find the info and images. I think the elongated heads were an artistically exaggerated family trait--but not by much. A CT scan of the head of Tutankhamen

shows a definite elongation, deemed by the radiologists to be within normal limits for the shape of a cranium, however.

    • re: Smenkhkare HeadMarianne Luban, Sat Aug 11 12:04
      Another thing: Why do I think Smenkhkare had at least a short sole reign? Because in the tomb of Meryre II the royal servant is receiving the gold of approbation by a pharaoh who stands with his... more
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