Toby Charles Anderson
2 Kings 14:21
Sat Feb 2, 2019 10:42
2600:8801:900:3b40:bccd:cb66:1f9a:435

Hi Tory,

Astute observation.
Your timeline is reasonable. I differ slightly, I place these 12 years from 824 to 812.

Why did Adad-Nirari III's predecessors allow Jeroboam II control over Damascus and Hamath?

One reason is that they were pretty weak because of the revolt of Assur-danin-pal ending about 820bc. Samsi-Adad's Reign started in 823bc and the last we hear of him was his Battle of Dur-Papsukkal in 814, but I am very suspicious that after his reign, SemiRamis reigned by herself for a few years. I know this is a 'big' issue --- too big for this posting, but If so, then the Dur-Papsukkal battle and everything else shifts up/earlier. The male chauvinistic Assyrians deleted SemiRamis out of the records. But Tel el Rima stands as a testimony to her power. It was not called Tel el Adad-Nirari. Simaramis was co-regent with Adad-nerari III for 5 years.
Unlike some or even most, I have this coreign starting 814/813. 809/810 Adad-Nirari III ascends the throne

There may have been another factor in why Assyria did not attack Judah and Samaria.

4 verses after the 2 Kings 14:21 verse in the title, ie.2 Kin 14:25, Jonah appears, the famous prophet who went to Nineveh and we find the Assyrian king repenting. The Hebrew word for dove is JONAH. Legend has it that Simaramis was raised by 'Doves', and . On a relief at Al Rimah is found simaramis with doves. And so I can see her being sympathetic with Judah and Samaria.

Thus Jeroboam II was able to take Damascus and Hamath, and methinks it possible that he made Judah his vassal, at least for 12 years.

Toby

  • 2 Kings 14:21Tory, Wed Jan 23 00:16
    ויקחו כל־עם יהודה את־עזריה והוא... more
    • 2 Kings 14:21 — Toby Charles Anderson, Sat Feb 2 10:42
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