"Texas, by God"
and the
Martha Fanning
James Welch and the Eastern Cherokee
Wed Jul 11, 2018 22:06

James Welch and the Eastern Cherokee
By Lawrence Petrisky January 26, 2004 at 09:50:34
James Welch and the Eastern Cherokee

Cherokee Ancestor

James Welch is the white ancestor of some of the early Cherokee Welch families.His line also accounts for many of the Welch Cherokee in the Eastern
Tribe, through his son John Welch (b.c.1753) and perhaps through his son
Thomas Welch, both mixed-blood.

An unrelated Thomas Welch, an earlier trader, had no Cherokee offspring so
far as we can tell.Later families (Nicholas Welch of VA, NC and George
Welch of GA) who married into the tribe also account for Welch Cherokee.

James Welch :packhorseman&frontier soldier

James Welch (b.c.1720 Ireland d.aft.1796?) came with his father John (d.1768), his mother Anne (Nancy), and his younger brother John to Savannah, Georgia
in 1735/36.Edward Jackson came to Savannah along with James and George Jackson at the same time.[Ellis Merton Coulter & Albert B. Saye, eds.A List of theEarly Settlers of Georgia, 2nd ed.(Georgia:U of GA Press, 1967), 56, 80]These families intermarried and became connected to the Vann and Emory families in South Carolina as well.They entered the Indian trade as packhorsemen.The Welches were part of Saint Philips Parish in Charleston, along with the Emorys.

James Welch (b.c.1720 Ireland) worked under senior trader James Beamer,
married a Cherokee woman and resided at Estatoe village in what is now
Oconee County, South Carolina.

A letter to South Carolina Governor James Glen, from senior traders James Beamer (of the lower
Cherokee towns of Tugaloo and Estatoe) and Richard Smith of the lower town of Keowee, dated
2 May 1752:

“. . . 40 of the Lower Creeks came to the Old Town of Cheowe [Keowee] . . . in a
very insolent Manner and plundered . . . one of our Men, one Wm. Bails.” . . .
“They likewise took at the same Time from one James Welch, Goods of ours in
the Care of this Welch, 9 large knives at 2 Pounds leather Price, 20 smaller Sort
at 1 Pound of Leather, 1 trading Gun, 6 Padlocks, 7 and ˝ Gross of Buttons, 400
Gun Flints, 8 Yards of Oznabrigs, and Pack Saddles, and Wantys, and took Mr.
Dowey’s [Downing’s] riding Saddle. . . .”[SC Docs Ind Affairs 1750-1754, p.247-8]

Related to this incident, trader John Elliot gave a deposition in Charleston on 25 May 1752:

“On the 6th of May . . . he was in the Town of Cheowee [Keowee] in the Lower
Cherokees from which the Indian People were all removed for Fear of the Creeks,
and that there then remained there James Welsh, and John Downing, and severall
others . . . who were then carrying Mr. Beamer’s Goods . .to Estatoe.” [Ibid. p.249]

James Welch transported goods to Fort Prince George (at Keowee). [SC Commons 8 Feb 1758]

He was arrested by Capt. James Francis of Ninety Six in 1759 and taken to jail in Charleston.
[SC Commons 19 Jan 1759; also SC Docs Ind Affairs (3) p.151,209]

He supplied horses to Fort Loudon (Tennessee) in 1759.[SC Docs Ind Affairs (3) p.105]He
was part of the back country militia 1755-1761.[Murtie June Clark, Colonial Soldiers ].
He shows up on a 1797 list of men living among the Cherokee in TN (unless that is a younger
James Welch).

There was an earlier trader named Thomas Welch (active in 1714) who was no relation to this
James Welch.A Thomas Welsh (Welch) was buried at St. Philip’s Parish on 16 January 1770;
and a John Welch was buried there on 20 Sep 1768.The early Thomas Welch and William
Welch arrived in Charleston before 1700.[Agnes Leland Baldwin, First Settlers of South Carolina 1670 – 1700,(Easley, SC:Southern Historical Press, 1985).]The family of our James Welch b.c.1720 did not arrive in America until 1735/6.

    • Re: James Welch and the Eastern CherokeeBob Cash, Thu Jul 12 09:24
      Wow! Very interesting, Martha. My ex-wife's husband retired and took up genealogical research as a business and a hobby. My daughters, his step daughters, asked him to help research their... more
    • Don't click on any of the links in the article.Martha Fanning, Thu Jul 12 06:56
      I clicked on the "ancestor" one to see what it was linked to, and it wasn't good! Next time I'll copy and paste to a word pad first, to get rid of any links! My apology!
      • Black man lynched at Waxahachie 1900K.t.K., Sat Jul 14 07:11
        Martha, according to family history my gr. granddaddy attended the lynching and took along my granddaddy at age 12. Later that year they moved from Waxahachie over to Clyde, Texas, near you.... more
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