David Welch
Origin of the CM tune Effingham
Mon Jul 31, 2017 9:15am

Does anyone know how and when the CM tune Effingham got its name? This 3-time tune is clearly related to Winchester New, aka Crasselius (HTI 1664d) but that tune is LM 8888.

Modern hymnbooks are little help: “adapted from a tune in Musikalsiches Handbuch, 1690, Hamburg”. And they say the same for Winchester New.

HTI tells that adaptations of the German tune started in the UK in 1742, the metre then being 888888. Later in the C18 LM versions became popular (1664d-1664i). Possibly Winchester New was normally 3-time in these early citations – certainly it is in Thomas Moore`s Psalm Singer`s Delightful Pocket Companion, 1762, Glasgow.

There is no CM version of 1664 listed in HTI, but Psalms & Hymns for Divine Worship (London, 1873) includes Effingham, and notes “harmonised by Rimbault”. This collection also has the LM Winchester, noting “harmonised by Callcott”. But other sources state that the steady 4-time version of Winchester now married to the Advent hymn “On Jordan`s Bank” was produced by William Havergal for Old Church Hymnary, 1864.

Rimbault was a London organist and fond of early music. Perhaps he had a link to the Surrey town of Effingham, or maybe the tune was popular in a church there. Rimbault was born in 1816 but had an organ post by 1832, and my guess is that he modified and named the German tune around 1840. But we know too little about this era when church music was changing in ways we dislike.

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