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ASD Reading Instruction
Sat Jun 13, 2015 16:08
198.45.137.205

Upon watching the video that was assigned to me this week I discovered that one strength of children with ASD in relation to reading instruction is word identification. I was able to relate this back to students who I have worked with, specifically students who respond not through use of speech, but pointing/gestures and/or a communication device. Another thing that is very important and to keep in mind is that children with ASD are very visual, therefore incorporating visuals into learning can really let those strengths shine. As you get to know individual learners it is important to determine their specific strengths as well as what interests them and what’s going to really engage them in the learning process. In addition to knowing what interests students, something that I discussed previously about the article that I read this week was the importance of background knowledge for students, especially students with ASD. More specifically, students with ASD struggle with contextual use of vocabulary. This really stood out to me, and made me question myself and want to look further into how to effectively teach the contextual use of vocabulary and how important that background knowledge is to reading comprehension and understanding the text. The biggest thing to keep in mind as a teacher is just because a child can read the words on a paper, does not mean that they comprehend what is on the paper. I’m curious to learn more about different strategies to help teach reading comprehension.

  • Module #3: Reading Instruction - koppenhaverd, Sun May 24 12:29
    Discuss reading instruction for children with ASD in this threaded discussion. How would you describe their relative strengths and needs in general (i.e., as you get to know an individual student... more
    • Guided Reading Instruction - wigginsmr, Sat Jun 13 23:00
      I watched the Reading Comprehension Videos about Mike and Carl. Mike was practicing listening comprehension with his mother who was making statements and asking questions about her statements. For... more
      • Reply - K. Madison Broome, Sun Jun 21 23:59
        I also watched these videos and like the things you point out about it! Sometimes students just make up their own answers to comprehension questions. We see what an imagination they may have in these ... more
    • Charlie Video and Carnahan/Williamson Article - Rebecca McVey, Sat Jun 13 21:46
      The main idea of the Carnahan and Williams Article was that increase in comprehension through using a visual model of a Venn Diagram. The thing that stuck out most about then article though is that... more
      • Charlie Video - Molly Smith, Tue Jun 16 22:55
        I really agree with what you're saying about the teacher's tone. It is something that stood out to me too. He prompts the student's to answer in more detail but does it in a calm and conversational... more
    • Is this working? - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 18:17
      This week I watched the videos with Eric and Kristen and Ryan. I found this videos very interesting and informative. In the video with Eric, he was instructed to read a book about the Itsy Bitsy... more
      • Reply - K. Madison Broome, Sun Jun 21 23:55
        This is such a great question. I wonder it as well! Is memorizing a book the same as reading one? I think that simply opening a book and recognizing words whether decoded or memorized is beneficial.... more
      • Finger point reading - wigginsmr, Tue Jun 16 23:17
        I think that music can be a helpful tool if used properly by the teacher. The student knowing the song and singing it shows that he can make a connection between something that he already knows to... more
      • Re: Is this working? - Tracy Nicole Cornacchio, Mon Jun 15 16:50
        I also watched the video with Eric reading the book about the Itsy Bitsy Spider and I thought it was great that he was able to sing alog while reading the book. It looked like he was finger pointing... more
      • RE Is This Working? - Rebecca McVey, Sat Jun 13 22:44
        I see where your question is coming from. I feel like a lot of the time my answer is the same "It depends on the student." But when working with students with ASD what is a life changer for one... more
        • Re: RE Is This Working? - Megan Rembert, Mon Jun 15 15:57
          I talked about the singing too and I think your right Rebecca, it definitely depends on the students. However, with this student in particular, I think you could tell it still worked because he... more
      • Interesting Question - whitemb2, Sat Jun 13 20:41
        I also wondered the same thing last week when we discussed it. I believe music is very beneficial and helps students focus. However, I believe this only works if the correct music is chosen for the... more
        • Being done right - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 20:51
          Being done correctly is a big thing. The more that I think about it, I wonder if using music (other than classical) is really a good thing to be used in the classroom at all.
      • Singing vs. Reading - Sonya Summey, Sat Jun 13 20:20
        I also saw that video and the one with the two high school students who sang "Let It Go". They new many of the words, but had to read the others. I think it partially has to depend on the age of the... more
        • Re: Singing vs. Reading - Tracy Nicole Cornacchio, Mon Jun 15 16:53
          I also think it was great that students can sing/read especially when they have the text in front of them and they are pointing to the words as they sing/read. I think this shows that they are... more
        • Age - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 20:46
          I think that age has something to do with it. But even I do this too, I know words to songs and sometimes I never really think about what I am actually singing, and I kind of think that this is what... more
          • Re: Age - Tracy Nicole Cornacchio, Mon Jun 15 16:55
            I also catch myself singing familiar songs without comprehending what I am singing. But I think it is great when students can finger point to the text while they are singing the song. This shows they ... more
      • Music in the Classroom - Kelsie Fender, Sat Jun 13 19:51
        I think that music works fabulously for introducing students to new ideas. Just like writing a hook for a paper, it could be something that draws children into the book. However, I don't think it... more
        • music in the classroom - Hunter Hastings, Fri Jun 19 08:10
          I completely agree! Not only do I think that music should be incorporated, but I think that art should be as well. When these activities are incorporated, kids get to learn things in new ways.
        • Re: Music in the Classroom - Molly Smith, Wed Jun 17 16:01
          I completely agree, I think music is a great way to engage students. When it comes to singing along a popular song while reading a book with the words of the song, it is important to make sure that... more
        • That is a good idea - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 20:02
          I really like the idea of having the students read the book in order to learn words to a song. This way they are learning to read with comprehension and not just memorizing a song. I think that I am... more
          • Thank you! - Kelsie Fender, Sat Jun 13 20:10
            I am glad you like the idea! I agree that it would really support reading comprehension. We could stop after each page/line in the song and ask the students questions using the strategies from this... more
            • My Pleasure - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 20:13
              Stopping after each page and asking what is on the page and what is going on and if they have any questions, is going to put them in the "hot seat" and let them really begin to think about what they... more
      • Re: Is this working? - Karley Ingold, Sat Jun 13 19:12
        I think that music can be very beneficial to children and help them to learn but I think that maybe for reading that it would be better to use songs that children were not already familiar with when... more
        • Music - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 19:40
          I like this idea, but this does create a challenge for the teacher in the fact that there are so many songs that are well known to children especially in the technology age that we live in today.
      • I Wonder.... - Jean Milton, Sat Jun 13 18:49
        I have noticed two students on the spectrum who learned to read through song. Of course these two children are not representative of the entire population, but I was told that the students came in... more
        • I Wonder RE - Rebecca McVey, Sat Jun 13 22:01
          I have also seen music therapy work wonders for children. I would really like to see this put into practice for reading instruction. I feel like music connecting to literature would work great in the ... more
        • Reply to Jean Milton - Ali Carr, Sat Jun 13 19:44
          I can say with you that I have seen music work in the academic areas for students with ASD. I have seen students sing to a book and see music incorporated with math. Not only did the students... more
        • That is Interesting - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 19:19
          I think that it is great that these two students were able to communicate by way of music. I would think that in the beginning that this could be a good thing, but are teachers going beyond this and... more
          • Last I Saw - Jean Milton, Sat Jun 13 19:54
            On my last day observing I saw the students singing a book they had never encountered. One student had taken some words from several songs and the way they are sung in each one to essentially create... more
            • In this case - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 20:06
              In this case, I think that there was more than just singing that was going on. I do think that we need to help ASD students distinguish the difference and we need to be careful how we are teaching... more
    • Reading Instruction - Ali Carr, Sat Jun 13 18:00
      From the videos that I watched this week, I think that reading instruction comes though reading comprehension. I noticed that when watching the videos with the students doing the picture walk, they... more
      • Pre-questions - whitemb2, Sat Jun 13 18:57
        Would it be possible to have questions before hand to have the students go over so they know what they are looking for or what they know what they need to understand to help them focus on what they... more
        • Re: Pre-questions - Tracy Nicole Cornacchio, Mon Jun 15 17:01
          I think it would be a great idea to let the student preview the questions before hand so they kind of know what they are looking for in the story. I think a lot of questions would overwhelm the... more
      • Re: Reading Instruction - Karley Ingold, Sat Jun 13 18:56
        I think that maybe it would be a good idea to give students comprehension questions that are printed out or learned that they can apply themselves while they are independently reading. Self check... more
        • Reply to Karley Ingold - Ali Carr, Sat Jun 13 20:47
          I like your thinking. I think that self check gives student the feeling on control as they are working as well as helping them stay on task. It would be good to have this visually beside them as they ... more
    • ASD Reading Instruction - Chelsea King, Sat Jun 13 16:08
      • ASD Reading Instruction - Rebecca McVey, Sat Jun 13 22:12
        I really found myself thinking about the statement you made in the first sentence for quite a bit. I feel like students with ASD excel in word identification as it typically has very concrete rules... more
      • Re: ASD Reading Instruction - Anonymous, Sat Jun 13 22:06
        I really thought about your first sentence for quite a while. I feel like children with ASD find a strength in words identification because it is so concrete. There are pretty strict phonics rules,... more
      • RE: ASD Reading Instruction - Nicholas Flippen, Sat Jun 13 19:43
        I think that keeping student's interests and strengths in mind is necessary for all students, but especially so for students with ASD. Students with ASD do struggle when it comes to reading... more
      • Reply to Chelsea King - Ali Carr, Sat Jun 13 18:04
        I think that you are so right about determining specific strengths and interests for students, this way as a teacher you are able to relate to each student and teach them in the way that best suits... more
    • Mistakes Aren't the End of the World - Allison Powers, Sat Jun 13 15:45
      One thing that our group talked about was that it was okay for our students to give incorrect answers. We felt like this was common amongst all of our videos and articles. The Carnahan article about... more
      • Respons to Mistakes - wigginsmr, Sat Jun 13 23:08
        I totally agree, I think that sometimes we learn more from our mistakes than we do from memorizing the correct answers. A positive and supportive learning environment should absolutely allow... more
      • Re: Mistakes Aren't the End of the World - Rebecca McVey, Sat Jun 13 22:38
        Exactly, exactly, exactly. If students knew everything and never answered questions incorrectly we would all be out of a job. Teaching students why an answer is incorrect is almost more powerful than ... more
      • "Ah Ha" Moment - coxdm, Sat Jun 13 21:36
        I love that Jacob mentioned that it might be a big step if students answer the questions. This goes to show that every child is going to have different goals and we should recognize all forms of... more
        • Re: "Ah Ha" Moment - Tracy Nicole Cornacchio, Mon Jun 15 16:58
          I agree that it can be very rewarding for a student to have an "ah ha" moment but I believe there are times when you do have to correct student for them to learn. If you are doing things wrong and no ... more
      • Mistakes and Getting them to correct - whitemb2, Sat Jun 13 20:58
        I believe that it is a great strategy to have students be able to go back and correct their mistakes, however what I have noticed in most classrooms is that students don't want to correct their... more
      • Mistakes are Teaching Moments - Sonya Summey, Sat Jun 13 20:25
        No one is perfect and I think that in itself means there needs to be room for mistakes within a classroom. Instead of children getting in trouble, they can be taught the correct way. The teacher can... more
      • RE: Mistakes aren't the end of the world - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 17:23
        I learned this last spring in a reading course. This was a very hard concept for me to grasp because when my daughter was learning to read I would always correct her if she made a mistake and now she ... more
      • Re: Mistakes Aren't the End of the World - Alexandria Spurrier, Sat Jun 13 16:10
        I love this point. I had a professor last semester who really harped on making sure you let your students know that it is ok to make mistakes. This way a student is embarrassed for trying and not... more
      • Re: Mistakes Aren't the End of the World - Karley Ingold, Sat Jun 13 15:50
        I think that this is the case in all students, not those with ASD. It is important to learn from mistakes and to correct them in order to master a topics or concept before moving on to the next... more
    • Prompting Students - parsonkl, Sat Jun 13 14:57
      I've learned a lot about how to instruct students with ASD these past few weeks. I feel like all students have strengths and weaknesses when it comes to learning. One video that interested me in... more
      • Prompting/ Scaffolding - coxdm, Sat Jun 13 21:50
        I think it is important to prompt students when they are off task or need the assistance. I feel like prompting and scaffolding often go hand and hand. I find that prompting can be extremely helpful... more
      • Prompting - Allison Powers, Sat Jun 13 21:04
        I totally agree with you. I think scaffolding is a hard thing to do. Balancing how much to push them to do, when to let up, when to help, and when to let them do it independently is a lot to think... more
      • Students giving up - Sonya Summey, Sat Jun 13 20:28
        There is definitely a time when students need to be pushed. I also think that if the student is refusing to do the work and is just done for the day, then it is okay to stop and do something else. We ... more
        • Re: Students giving up - Molly Smith, Wed Jun 17 16:06
          I think that these are interesting points that you're making. Something that I've thought about when watching these videos is when do we know when the student needs to be pushed and when they are... more
      • RE - Prompting Students - Chelsea King, Sat Jun 13 17:20
        I watched this video this week as well and found it particularly interesting, because I too felt like in some instances it was the teacher doing the work through providing too much support and... more
      • Re: Prompting Students - Karley Ingold, Sat Jun 13 15:42
        This was also one of the questions that had me stumped as I watched the words video. It seemed as if the child understood the activity and did not have any trouble with the first task. However, as... more
    • Silent Reading - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 14:31
      What really stuck out to me this week was when I learned that silent reading comprehension is the ultimate purpose of reading instruction. From my experience in classrooms, teachers seem to focus... more
      • Re: Silent Reading - coxdm, Sat Jun 13 21:45
        I find that both reading aloud and reading silently have their own benefits. In the first grade classroom I interned in, the students were encouraged to read aloud every time they read. This was to... more
      • Silent Reading - Sonya Summey, Sat Jun 13 20:31
        I learned the same thing! I knew that silent reading was important, but this is the first week that I really understand its value. The goal is not necessarily how many words per minute a student can... more
      • RE: Silent Reading - Nicholas Flippen, Sat Jun 13 19:48
        I think the goal of reading aloud is to eventually reach a point where the student can read independently and silently and comprehend what they've read. That's why we give students materials at their ... more
      • Not 100% on board - whitemb2, Sat Jun 13 18:21
        See I can understand that silent reading is the ultimate goal and you have to master that skill to get anywhere in school, however I don't believe it guarantees reading comprehension. I am an adult... more
        • RE: not 100% on board - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 19:19
          I see your point. I don't think silent reading guarantees comprehension. What I understood from watching the first lecture video this week was that silent reading can facilitate comprehension more so ... more
      • Silent Reading Reply - parsonkl, Sat Jun 13 15:00
        I feel giving independent reading time is a great idea! I feel the same way, and have really felt like independent reading is just as important as reading aloud. I love reading aloud to students, and ... more
      • Response to Silent Reading - Mary Carsley, Sat Jun 13 14:49
        I found this very interesting, too. But as a teacher, we need to know if our students can actually read or not...I guess that's where the reading aloud part comes in. I love your idea of having time... more
        • RE: Silent Reading - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 15:02
          I love the DEAR activity you implement in your classroom. Thanks for sharing, I will be using it in the future. I agree that it is tricky. If students don't read aloud how do we know they can read?... more
      • Reading silently - brawleyeo, Sat Jun 13 14:44
        My middle school gave us 20 minutes a day to read anything we wanted. It was called "SSR" (silent sustained reading) and we couldn't work on homework or talk, it was 20 minutes of just reading.... more
    • Reading Instruction - Mary Carsley, Sat Jun 13 14:07
      I think it is important to remember to use visual strategies whenever possible for students with ASD. One of the articles focuses on the value of using visual organizers (e.g. Venn Diagrams) with... more
      • Visual Organizers - Sonya Summey, Sat Jun 13 20:35
        I loved the idea of using Venn Diagrams for students with ASD. Another article also mentioned using visual organizers for schedules or other daily routines. This way the student can see what is... more
      • Reading Instruction Reply - parsonkl, Sat Jun 13 15:04
        Growing up, I loved Venn Diagrams. They were a really neat tool for me that helped me realize connections and compare and contrast things. I agree with how you state that it is important to remember... more
      • RE:Reading Instruction - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 14:49
        I agree with you completely. In general, students with ASD are visual learners. Therefore, using visual supports is vital to instruction when teaching students with ASD. Teaching without any visuals... more
    • Introducing strategies - brawleyeo, Sat Jun 13 14:01
      When reading the Koppenhaver article on reading comprehension, I came across a section that confused me. It said, when introducing strategies teachers should consistently emphasize that the... more
      • RE: Introducing Strategies - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 15:17
        This is a really good question. I do not know the answer. However, I can share my thoughts. From the past few weeks we have learned that students with ASD are all unique and that the spectrum is very ... more
        • Re: Re: Introducing Strategies - brawleyeo, Sat Jun 13 15:33
          This makes much better sense now! I guess I was thinking about it a little to hard. I think having flexibility as an option, depending on the student, can help the student be more in charge of their... more
      • Response to Introducing Strategies - Mary Carsley, Sat Jun 13 14:10
        I agree with you about the difficulty of getting a student with ASD to be flexible. I suppose that with mastering the steps, a student could be instructed in how to use each step as a tool when... more
    • Shifting Strateigies - Megan Rembert, Sat Jun 13 12:38
      I think this weeks videos and articles helped me realize just how many suggestions on different strategies there are out there. Talking with my group we realized that instead of being overwhelmed... more
      • Re: Shifting Strateigies - Karley Ingold, Sat Jun 13 15:45
        I have noticed that a lot of the strategies that I have seen in the videos or in the articles are things that I have seen in a regular classroom to scaffold lower students and not just those with... more
      • RE: Strategies - Kelsie Fender , Sat Jun 13 13:41
        I agree that the number of strategies available to a classroom teacher might be overwhelming! I think it would be important to identify a strategy that works for a particular student toward the... more
      • RE: Shifting Strategies - Nicholas Flippen, Sat Jun 13 13:25
        I really like how you have generalized the interventions used on students with ASD for the rest of the classroom. Yes, students with ASD need the extra help and these interventions we have been... more
    • Too Many Strategies at Once - Rachel Caldwell, Sat Jun 13 12:13
      This week was full of amazing strategies to use for different students, scenarios, book types, and lesson types. As my group was working on our lesson plan, we all started throwing great ideas and... more
      • Re: Too Many Strategies at Once - wigginsmr, Tue Jun 16 22:33
        I agree, sometimes a simple routine in lessons can go further than a string of activities. Students with ASD seem to especially do better with routines. I have learned a lot recently about how to... more
      • Too Many Strategies at Once - Rebecca McVey, Sat Jun 13 21:56
        I completely agree. I feel like so much of the time we as teachers worry about making things fun or motivating by adding elements and end up simply confusing our students. I ran into this while... more
      • I Agree! - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 18:25
        This is something that I thought about as well. As I was reading the things that my group was writing there were many wonderful ideas that we all had, and at one point I kind of found myself... more
      • RE: Too many strategies at once - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 15:26
        I agree. It is important to let students master one or two strategies before introducing new ones. Introducing multiple strategies at once can be overwhelming and counterproductive. The question is... more
      • Too Many Strategies Reply - parsonkl, Sat Jun 13 15:11
        I feel it is important to remember not to overwhelm the student. Learning, especially with ASD students, can be a very delicate process. I feel learning one strategy at a time could be very useful.... more
      • Response to Too Many Strategies - Mary Carsley, Sat Jun 13 14:39
        I feel your pain! I kept reading about interventions and strategies and then realized that I would need to choose wisely. I believe my students would become overwhelmed and confused if I were to... more
      • an alternative proposal - koppenhaverd, Sat Jun 13 14:37
        Rachel, I love your thinking about focusing on just one strategy at a time. In guided reading, focus on one strategy and you'll find students' comprehension improving. You won't overwhelm them. What... more
      • RE: Too Many Strategies at Once - Nicholas Flippen, Sat Jun 13 13:28
        I completely agree with you, Rachel. I think sometimes it can seem like an intervention overload when we are presented with so many different strategies that have been proven to work with students... more
      • Re: Too Many Strategies at Once - andersenal, Sat Jun 13 13:15
        I think that if the student is overwhelmed, then yes it would be better to work with just one or two strategies at a time. Depending on the child, some students with ASD are easily overwhelmed and I... more
      • Too many - brawleyeo, Sat Jun 13 13:05
        I agree with you! It can be overwhelming for anyone, not just children with ASD, to have a lot of new information and strategies thrown at you at once! I think we want to find something that helps... more
    • Too Much Correction - Karley Ingold, Sat Jun 13 11:21
      After watching the WORDS video I have some questions about the methods of correction that the teacher used. I'm not sure if the student would have gotten the correct answers if the teacher had not... more
      • I'm glad you brought that up - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 18:00
        I am really glad that you brought this up. When I was discussing things with my group, I had mentioned something about teachers giving too much help and not letting the student(s) work things out on... more
      • Response - Too Much Correction - Chelsea King, Sat Jun 13 17:07
        I had these exact same thoughts as I was watching this video. Seeing that the student understood the concept of the activity, I feel the person in this video may have provided too much correction and ... more
      • Response to Too Much Correction - Mary Carsley, Sat Jun 13 14:12
        I know what you mean about offering too much "correction". When working with students with a disability, however, it is often about offering prompts and supports necessary for a student to succeed.... more
        • Re: Response to Too Much Correction - Karley Ingold, Sat Jun 13 15:53
          I understand that it is important to keep motivation and moral up in these students but do they end up just memorizing the activity that they complete multiple times with prompts or are they actually ... more
      • RE: Too Much - Kelsie Fender , Sat Jun 13 13:48
        Karly, After viewing the video I also wondered if the student would have gotten the answers correct without so much teacher aid. I feel as though the question "how much help is really necessary" is a ... more
      • Re: Too Much Correction - Alexandria Spurrier, Sat Jun 13 13:43
        This a great question and I ask myself this all the time. I particularly think about this when I am helping any student in the classroom with their work because I don't know if they just need some... more
    • RE: Reading Instruction - Lauren Livingston, Sat Jun 13 09:04
      This week was informative and interesting as I was able to relate the information to students I have in my classroom. My student has high functioning Autism, he has great decoding skills but lacks in ... more
      • Reciprocal questioning - brawleyeo, Sat Jun 13 13:17
        That's so great that you're able to find the readings and videos so relatable. I haven't had any opportunities to work with students with ASD yet, but I'm glad you're able to connect what we're... more
    • Determining the Greatest Need - Navila Castro, Sat Jun 13 00:06
      This section of assessment was of great interest to me. Determining the student's greatest need seemed to break up everything nicely and helps the educator pinpoint what is it that it preventing the... more
      • Reply - K. Madison Broome, Sun Jun 21 23:52
        I couldn't agree more! I think that these strategies like talking about themes before reading, using illustrations, connecting personal experience to the text, etc. are all great! They are personal... more
      • Re: Determining the Greatest Need - wigginsmr, Tue Jun 16 22:41
        I also really enjoyed the video about the student who wanted to be interviewed to answer the comprehension questions. Making students feel comfortable and excited about learning is so important for... more
      • Response to Determining the Greatest Need - Mary Carsley, Sat Jun 13 14:28
        I agree, Navila. Determining the student's greatest need is POWERFUL in helping them learn. Unfortunately, this can take some ferreting out! But, once identified, and successful interventions are in... more
      • Reply to Navila - brigmanhd, Sat Jun 13 08:11
        I really liked that you mentioned the "TV interview" as a means of asking comprehension questions. As teachers, I think it's so important to never lose our creativity. I know I always here things... more
    • Literacy and illustrations Emily and Charlie - Navila Castro, Fri Jun 12 23:48
      I found this video incredibly useful for a student I help tutor in reading. Charlie and Emily are going over a story with their tutor but only using the book illustrations. This way of decoding a... more
      • Loved It! - Allison Powers, Sat Jun 13 16:35
        I also thought that book was great! I loved that it was challenging, but also allowed for a feeling of success. I hadn't really thought about how it helped pull background knowledge in as well. I... more
      • Re: Literacy and illustrations Emily and Charlie - Megan Rembert, Sat Jun 13 12:44
        Ive found that most kids love doing a picture walk in stories before they read. This lets them get to know the characters and the plot a little more, especially in younger grades when the pictures... more
      • Keeping the Conversation Going - Rachel Caldwell, Sat Jun 13 11:45
        I too thought this video was a great way to see how a picture walk can be useful in working on reading comprehension and understanding of the text. My group talked about how one of the articles this... more
    • Charlie and Emily - Sara Pappas, Fri Jun 12 23:24
      I also watched the Charlie and Emily video. This was a paired picture walk where the tutor would talk and ask questions with Charles for a little bit and then turn and talk with Emily. I think the... more
      • Reply to Sara Pappas - Ali Carr, Sat Jun 13 19:30
        I watched these videos as well and I think that the two students were being a little shy during the activity. If the "tutor" wanted specific answers from the student then he might should have split... more
      • Paired Reading Activities - andersenal, Sat Jun 13 12:23
        The first example that comes to mind is the video of Ryan and Kirsten. They were working together to read the story and figure out the correct sequence of events on the strips of paper. They both... more
      • Reply to Sara - brigmanhd, Sat Jun 13 08:20
        Sara, after the picture walk, the teacher could go through a text talk with the students. Are you familiar with a text talk? Basically, the teacher read the story aloud and stops at certain points to ... more
    • Re: Module #3: Reading Instruction - Sarah Baier, Fri Jun 12 22:33
      I think it would be important to try and correlate a students interest to a certain subject you're reading. For instance if the students are learning about slavery, and your student has an interest... more
      • Re: Reading Instruction - wigginsmr, Tue Jun 16 22:55
        I agree, student's interests can mean the difference in motivating them to read and not motivating them to read and participate in class. Also, when teachers make a point to connect student's... more
      • Yes - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 18:55
        Yes, I agree with you! I saw this put into place with the little girl Cora that I know. While it is important to use the things that they are interested in, I think that getting them interested in... more
      • Re: Reading Instruction - Alexandria Spurrier, Sat Jun 13 14:02
        I think this idea is very important for a students learning and for the most success. I think appealing to a student interest is so beneficial to a student and so easy for us as teachers to... more
      • RE: Sarah - Lauren Livingston, Sat Jun 13 09:11
        I like your discussion on how to incorporate student interest with the topic you are teaching in class. I always struggle with how to incorporate age appropriate lessons with my students interest.... more
      • Confused - whitemb2, Fri Jun 12 23:09
        While I agree with your post about how students should be able to read books that interest them, however if your topic you are trying to cover is slavery, how does a book on transportation teach them ... more
        • Re: Confused - Sarah Baier, Fri Jun 12 23:16
          I believe books like Henry's freedom box for example would work in this situation. It is about slavery but also describes Henry's journey on a boat.
    • Background knowledge - K. Madison Broome, Fri Jun 12 22:04
      One great strategy I took from this module is activating background knowledge BEFORE reading. This is an important strategy for students with ASD because it gives them the opportunity to think about... more
      • Priming - Sonya Summey, Sat Jun 13 22:47
        Yes, it is important for students to have some foundation knowledge before they read to have context. It could be new information about a topic that they already new so that it broadens their horizon ... more
      • I like this - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 19:11
        I think that this is a great idea. I think that as teachers (for those of us who are) that this is something that we need to remember this when we are teaching not only ASD students but all students. ... more
      • RE: Background knowledge - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 15:46
        Yes! I also found this strategy very beneficial. Activating background knowledge before reading can help students understand the text better as they are reading it because they have already made... more
      • RE: Background Knowledge - parsonkl, Sat Jun 13 15:18
        This is something I really thought about while doing the lesson plan with my group this week. Giving students background knowledge can help them in the long run when completing an assignment. It's... more
      • Re: Background Knowledge - Alexandria Spurrier, Sat Jun 13 14:21
        I also enjoyed this strategy because I have seen students with ASD always relating thoughts to the lesson and shouting out in class what they are thinking. I think using this strategy is great... more
      • RE: Background Knowledge - Lauren Livingston, Sat Jun 13 09:19
        Personal connections are so important for students with ASD to connect to the topic caught because it will help them to understand the material taught more efficiently. Even though I knew this, I... more
      • Background Knowledge - Amanda Wallace, Sat Jun 13 06:48
        I also think this is a very important strategy for us to know. Activating prior background knowledge can help children with ASD think about how something made them feel and the emotions they had and... more
      • Background Knowledge - Kelsie Fender, Fri Jun 12 22:35
        I also felt that this was a really important theme for this week. It particularly stuck out to me with the Carl video because the instructor took the time to visit the important themes of the story... more
        • Re: Background Knowledge - coxdm, Sat Jun 13 17:48
          I love that saying about the bottle Kelsie! That is a great way to think of how to build a context for the students reading. Building background knowledge to the material allows for the students to... more
      • Background Knowledge - Jordan Seagraves, Fri Jun 12 22:10
        This is so important for students with ASD and really any student. I still struggle with reading if I do not think about connections I can make before I read. Students with ASD as we learned from... more
    • How So? - Jean Milton, Fri Jun 12 19:36
      I found the article about the effects of reciprocal questioning to be quite interesting. I had more questions than anything when doing the "Say Something" strategy, and I look forward to researching... more
      • Re: How So? - Megan Rembert, Sat Jun 13 12:42
        It's great to see kids engaged in the text. I think it is great that most students respond well to prediction situations in regards to keeping them on track in the text. This is something that would... more
      • Reply: How so? - K. Madison Broome, Fri Jun 12 22:09
        I liked the videos about Carl a lot too! He was very responsive and the reporter idea was fabulous! Carl loved pretending to be a reporter. I think that allowing students to use their imagination... more
        • I Agree - Jean Milton, Sat Jun 13 19:59
          I agree that having a video will allow for reference when identifying and quantifying progress. I am curious to know how well Carl progressed in school and since the videos look rather old I predict... more
    • Nonfiction Text - Tracy Nicole Cornacchio, Fri Jun 12 19:23
      I noticed students with ASD typically comprehended nonfiction text better than fiction text. I also found it interesting how they used graphic organizers to help them comprehend text better. One of... more
      • Nonfiction - Allison Powers, Sat Jun 13 21:10
        I definitely agree with your statement that all students learn differently. Students with ASD have different needs that have to be met for sure, but it is also important to remember that there are... more
      • Re: nonfiction text - Alexandria Spurrier , Sat Jun 13 17:40
        I have noticed that too when being around a few students with ASD. I think my teacher did a great job of relating a fiction book to different facts about characters in the book or a setting of the... more
      • RE: Nonfiction Text - Nicholas Flippen, Sat Jun 13 13:32
        From what I've gathered through the readings, it seems that fiction texts are difficult for students with ASD to comprehend because they struggle with inferencing and connection with abstract ideas.... more
      • Comprehending fiction text - brawleyeo, Sat Jun 13 13:00
        In the video I watched, Preston and his teacher were taking turns reading a Captain Underpants book and he really seemed to be comprehending the story. I thought maybe the way his teacher used... more
      • Carl video and Fiction Text - Navila Castro, Fri Jun 12 21:33
        In one of Carl's videos this week he is going over a fictional story about a Bear looking for a friend. Although this story had fictional characters, the tutor reviewed background knowledge about... more
      • RE: Nonfiction Text - Kelsie Fender, Fri Jun 12 21:20
        I think you made a great point about how we as teachers need to keep in mind that all students learn differently. I feel that is one of the main ideas I have taken away from this course so far. Each... more
    • Strategy that compares to Letterland - Sara Pappas, Fri Jun 12 18:12
      I read the article titled Reading Comprehension by Koppenhaver. The second half of this article consisted of research based interventions towards typical developing learners. What I shared with my... more
      • I like it! - Allison Powers, Sat Jun 13 16:40
        This sounds like a great program to me! I like that it includes multiple ways to communicate your answer, so students have to work on both written and oral skills but the teacher can go by their... more
      • Strategies other than Letterland - brawleyeo, Sat Jun 13 12:52
        I've used the Lindamood-Bell Phoneme program for introducing letters/sounds and I really liked it. You first introduce the sound and have the child repeat the sound you made, you talk about the way... more
      • RE: letterland - Lauren Livingston, Sat Jun 13 09:29
        Sara- I enjoyed reading your post about the strategies you read about and the correlation you saw in those strategies to Letterland. I work in a public separate school for students with moderate to... more
      • Letterland - Amanda Wallace, Sat Jun 13 06:57
        I have known people to love letter land and hate it. I think it just depends on the teacher and student and their strengths and weaknesses. I have seen letter land confuse some students while others... more
      • Letterland - coxdm, Fri Jun 12 22:14
        I personally like the use of Letterland in the classroom. I think it is a fun and engaging way for the students to interact with letters. I also think that the different characters that the letters... more
      • Letterland and ASD - Jean Milton, Fri Jun 12 20:20
        I must say that I have heard more people (parents, teachers, and professors) say they don't like Letterland than I have heard praises. I have not seen or read the effects, but I'm not too thrilled... more
        • Re: Letterland and ASD - Sara Pappas, Sat Jun 13 00:06
          Thank you, Jean, for your comment. I was in a classroom that used Letterland for my block 1 but wasn't there long enough to see results, I am also intrigued to get in the classroom and see for... more
      • ASU reading approach - catheyt, Fri Jun 12 20:01
        In the ASU reading program this instruction is directly addressed. We use sorts to target beginning, end, and middle sound awareness. Its similar to Words Their Way. If you are in the program you... more
        • Re: ASU reading approach - Sara Pappas, Sat Jun 13 00:09
          Wow! Good to know! Thank you for sharing your positive experiences with using Letterland and those that are similar! I like the idea of using sorts. Getting the students interacted rather than just... more
      • Reply to Sara - andersenal, Fri Jun 12 19:05
        I wonder about this too because I have heard some professors and classroom teachers who say that they don't like Letterland and others who love it. Maybe it just depends on how you use it? To make it ... more
        • Re: Reply to Sara - Sara Pappas, Sat Jun 13 00:04
          I definitely agree! I believe this intervention needs to be tried on multiple students with diverse abilities and in different settings to base any assumptions on it. I thought the v for vultures... more
    • Questions and Comprehension - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 17:32
      Strengths and weaknesses are different for every student. The most important thing teachers can do is individualize lessons: teach to every students strengths and minimize exposure to their... more
      • Response to Questions and Comprehension - Mary Carsley, Sat Jun 13 14:32
        You make the very important point that every student is different. Different strengths and needs, different ways to improve, and different ways to learn. I suppose this is why I love teaching... more
      • Comprehension - Amanda Wallace, Sat Jun 13 06:52
        To help students with comprehension I really thick its important for teachers to know where their students strengths and weaknesses are. This way they can help strengthen their weaknesses by using... more
        • Knowing Where They Are - Rachel Caldwell, Sat Jun 13 11:51
          I agree that it is important to know our students so that we can best tailor our instructions. While I personally have never used self questioning strategies in a group, I believe that they could be... more
      • Individualized Lessons - Kelsie Fender, Fri Jun 12 21:26
        I definitely agree that students should have individualized lessons, particularly those with special needs. I was also really impressed by how well the teachers throughout the unit are able to... more
      • Re: Questions and Comprehension - Tracy Nicole Cornacchio, Fri Jun 12 19:27
        I agree that not all students learn the same way. I agree that the teacher should use what strategies work best for his or her students.
    • Maze assessment: is it enough? - macdonaldke, Fri Jun 12 15:11
      A technique that interested me was the "maze" assessment in which a text has every 5th-7th word deleted and a student must fill in the blanks from a choice of three. The article I read that described ... more
      • Response to Maze Assessment - Mary Carsley, Sat Jun 13 14:36
        I agree completely! The fill in the blanks types of assessments seem rather two dimensional to me, too. It does not seem to allow much room for inference or a deeper understanding of the story...It... more
      • Re: Maze assessment: is it enough? - Sara Pappas, Fri Jun 12 18:23
        I agree in your point about it being more of a multiple choice-like test rather than actually understanding the text. I definitely think the students need to start somewhere other than explaining the ... more
        • ipad idea - macdonaldke, Sun Jun 14 06:30
          I really like your idea of highlighting sentences that represent the main ideas in the text! I think this is a great start to gauge reading comp!
      • Re: Maze assessment: is it enough? - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 17:35
        A great topic. My opinion on the matter is that I understand the purpose of the assessment and can see how it would be practical, but it does seem to be a bit of a risk. Suppose a student does guess... more
    • Music and Text: really engaging? - macdonaldke, Fri Jun 12 14:19
      I watched the video of high school students singing the Frozen song "Let it Go, and although one was reading a sheet with lyrics, the other had apparently memorized the song and was singing... more
      • Music and Text - Sonya Summey, Sat Jun 13 22:52
        I think that the whole concept of singing and reading is fun. It is something the students enjoyed doing. To really get a lot out of it, I am sure the teacher could read the lyrics out to them or... more
      • I do not think so - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 19:54
        This is just my opinion, but I do not think that she is really understanding and comprehending what she is saying because it sounds like she is just doing it from rote memorization. What are some... more
      • RE: music and text- really engaging? - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 18:25
        I had not thought about it this way but I think you have a point. Half of the time I know the lyrics to a song but don't pay close attention to the words. It's weird because I can sing a song a... more
      • Frozen? - Allison Powers, Sat Jun 13 16:59
        I am glad the teacher was trying to make things fun for the students, but I can certainly see how they would just get lost in the song and not really get any reading done. The articles talked about... more
      • Re: Music and Text: really engaging? - Karley Ingold, Sat Jun 13 15:57
        I think in this case it would have been more beneficial for the students to take the text and the song maybe one verse or line at a time and to look over the words before singing. Obviously this... more
      • RE: Music and Text - parsonkl, Sat Jun 13 15:23
        Frozen is a very popular movie. I felt like some of the students perhaps had just had the lyrics memorized from hearing the songs so many times. I personally will admit I know most of the lyrics by... more
      • Response to Music and Text - Mary Carsley, Sat Jun 13 14:43
        I watched this video as well. I understand what you mean about how both students approached and carried out the lesson. I think they each were able to learn something at the level that they were each ... more
      • RE: Music & Text - Lauren Livingston, Sat Jun 13 09:34
        "Let it Go" that is a song that most all my students know and love! :) All my students will sing that song and not miss a word. I think this is a common trait when students have such a strong... more
      • Reply to Kelly - Music - brigmanhd, Sat Jun 13 08:26
        Kelly, I also wondered the same thing! It was interesting that this was a form of teaching students to read/speak. I would like to learn more about this! It's definitely common for teachers to use... more
      • Music and reading - Navila Castro, Fri Jun 12 22:04
        I saw the video again and see what you are saying, but we can learn from this too. If you notice closely, they have switched the singer's voice to be male and changed the lyrics to fit the male... more
        • apply to Navila - macdonaldke, Sun Jun 14 06:38
          I agree totally, and understand that this is just a "snapshot" of the reading instruction, you are right it could have just been a helpful springboard to start the lesson off. I also like the... more
      • as a reading task - catheyt, Fri Jun 12 20:07
        I agree these students were not necessarily engaged in a literacy activity in the video. But I do think that this is great inspiration to get kids engaged in reading practice. Using a song like this... more
      • Re: Music and Text: really engaging? - brownrf, Fri Jun 12 17:54
        I think you're probably right! When I'm singing a song, I'm just singing the words, definitely not comprehending the meaning or anything like that. Although we don't normally comprehend the words... more
      • Re: Music and Text: really engaging? - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 17:53
        Cool post! I think that it is important to really understand and comprehend what you are reading even if it is music. Think about all of the songs that are catchy and everyone knows but we don't... more
      • Redirect the Activity - coxdm, Fri Jun 12 16:03
        I also found myself questioning if the students actually comprehended the lyrics of the song or if it was just singing along to the words. I thought that the boy student did have to work hard to read ... more
    • Text Predictions - mckenzi Davis, Fri Jun 12 10:55
      In the Ryan and Kristen video I thought that it was really interesting how the teacher went about helping the students piece together a series of events. Ryan states what he thinks will happen next.... more
      • Yes and No - Britt Hatcher, Sat Jun 13 20:15
        I too watched this video and while I like the idea of the students scaffolding each other, it seemed to me that Kristen really did not know what was happening and going on. I threw the idea out there ... more
      • Ryan and Kirsten - Allison Powers, Sat Jun 13 16:46
        I thought how they worked together was interesting too. It seemed like Ryan was more naturally outspoken, so in many environments Kirsten would easily fall into the background. The teacher utilized... more
      • RE: Test Predictions - parsonkl, Sat Jun 13 15:27
        I really liked the group work in this activity. I felt like the teamwork helped with comprehension for both Ryan and Kristen. If I were a student, I would have really enjoyed this activity. I feel... more
      • Series of Events - Amanda Wallace, Sat Jun 13 07:02
        I also found this strategy really interesting. Ryan seemed to really enjoy it and knew exactly what to do, though it took Kristen a bit longer. She was so excited when she four out they the events... more
      • attention to detail - Navila Castro, Fri Jun 12 22:48
        McKenzi I agree with your observation about Ryan and Kristen helping each other, visually separate events, and see how they relate. I watched as Kristen was having trouble placing the strips in... more
        • Question - McKenzi Davis, Sat Jun 13 07:11
          The only issue that I see with that is that to me that's almost the same as reading the pages in order and it would not have the same ending result to get the students to practice predictions and... more
      • Re: Text Predictions - brownrf, Fri Jun 12 18:07
        I think this is an awesome strategy! I feel like sometimes we forget that students not only enjoy working with others but it also can be extremely beneficial. This is a great time to pair students... more
      • predictions in Preston video - macdonaldke, Fri Jun 12 14:38
        There was also an example of text predictions in the video with Preston reading "Captain Underpants." This was a good book to use because it is full of action, and Preston got to be clever in... more
        • Expand on Predictions - coxdm, Fri Jun 12 16:21
          I think it was great that you mentioned asking the question, “What do you think is going to happen next?” I think it is also important to ask students, “Why do you think ___ is going to happen?”... more
      • Great Strategy! - miloshcl, Fri Jun 12 12:04
        I love that lesson structure for several reasons. Ryan and Kristen get to scaffold each other and build off the other's predictions, as you say. They also are interacting and working on social skills ... more
        • Reply to Nicholas - brigmanhd, Fri Jun 12 12:29
          Cassidy, I agree! It's so important to target many skills in one activity! Especially any chance social skills can be incorporated for students with ASD. I also enjoyed the scaffolding that took... more
          • social skills and literacy - koppenhaverd, Fri Jun 12 12:49
            And what better context to work on social skills than a literacy interaction with multiple participants. The day is too short and the needs to great to work on anything in isolation.
    • Pronouns - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 10:24
      I enjoyed the article this week. It was one that I thought has been most useful to me so far. The author talked about how some ASD students have difficulty making the connection of pronouns to the... more
      • RE: Pronouns - Lauren Livingston, Sat Jun 13 09:46
        Many of my students also struggle with pronouns. Pronouns are such an abstract topic that with lack of attention to the text would cause frustration for students with ASD. I like the idea to... more
      • Pronouns - Amanda Wallace, Sat Jun 13 07:14
        I really like this part about pronouns. I never really thought about anyone having trouble relating pronouns. It makes since that students with ASD would need a lesson like this to enforce and relate ... more
      • Examples? - Jean Milton, Fri Jun 12 20:38
        What would be an example of an unprompted question? Would it be a question that would be about the student but may relate to the story in some way? Do you know if one type of question provokes a... more
        • RE: Examples? - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 21:39
          An unprompted question would be more about the student's personal experience that may relate to something in the book, but not the main idea is how I understand it. Your question about provoking a... more
      • Re: Pronouns - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 17:57
        Nice post. I really liked what you had to say about pronouns and how they relate to comprehension. I find my self very often misusing pronouns in my writing and speaking and then I have to repeat... more
      • even more complex - koppenhaverd, Fri Jun 12 12:56
        Pronoun referents are indeed difficult because they require inferencing. What makes some even harder is the concept of deixis. That words can change meanings depending on who is talking. I am me if I ... more
        • pronouns and dyslexia - macdonaldke, Fri Jun 12 14:55
          This confusing concept of switching pronouns (I think I had to read your comment 3 times to understand it) reminds me of a video we watched in SPE 3300 about some learning disabilities, in which the... more
        • Reply to: even more complex - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 13:42
          I totally understand. I think this is why it is important to continue going over 'simple' pronouns. I think this is why it is so interesting to me because of all the different meanings the words can... more
      • Prompted vs Unprompted - McKenzi Davis, Fri Jun 12 10:46
        I thought what you said about prompted vs unprompted questions was interesting. I have never thought about questions in the two various categories. In concern to the two types of questions:... more
        • Personal experience - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 11:05
          From what I understood, the unprompted questions will help the student relate the information in the book to a personal experience. I struggled with the same thing, wondering if it could be a... more
    • Preston Video - brawleyeo, Fri Jun 12 00:17
      When watching the Preston video, I loved how the teacher was reading during her turn. She was very expressive and also used different voices and intonations. I thought this was a great model for... more
      • Re: Preston video - Alexandria Spurrier , Sat Jun 13 17:44
        I loved the Preston video too! I also used to love reading those captain underpants books when I was younger! This teacher did a great job of keeping him engaged and giving him a break to listen to... more
      • Expression - Amanda Wallace, Sat Jun 13 07:06
        Reading with expression can show students how they should read and also help students with ASD catch on to the emotions playing out in the story. I really enjoyed this video and thought it could be... more
      • Taking on the role - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 13:44
        I think it is great that Preston was able to pick up the cues provided by the teacher and begin mimicking how she read the book. This shows that he is picking things up and this can only lead to... more
      • Preston's Teacher - McKenzi Davis, Fri Jun 12 10:06
        I love the example of this reading because Preston's teacher is reading exactly how we should all read to our students! I know that students will be more engaged when we read this way to them. Even... more
        • reading with expressions/emotions - macdonaldke, Fri Jun 12 14:23
          I agree, and not only does this make the text "come to life," and be more engaging and connecting with the student, this also helps them understand the text better. A teacher may read something in a... more
          • "Come to Life" - coxdm, Fri Jun 12 22:30
            I completely agree. I thought it was fun to see Preston get involved in the character and in the story. By giving the characters different voices allows the students more insight to what is happening ... more
    • Jack's Reading Ability - Erica Phelps, Thu Jun 11 20:58
      When watching the Jack video, I was very surprised at his high reading ability. I know that Jack was not truly decoding words phonetically and reading them, but he was reading more successfully than... more
      • Jacks reading ability - Lauren Livingston, Sat Jun 13 09:55
        I would be interested to have more information regarding the study that states that students with ASD plateau in reading by upper elementary grades. I am a middle school teacher for students with... more
        • Reply: Lauren - Erica Phelps, Sat Jun 13 13:33
          I agree. I think that this plateau may be partially caused by a lack of support from the school system. It is also difficult to make this general statement about all students with ASD because of the... more
      • Plateauing - Jean Milton, Fri Jun 12 20:58
        How was he reading if he was not decoding? Was he reading from memory or something? I did not get a chance to read about children on the spectrum hitting a plateau in regards to growth in reading,... more
        • Reply: Jean - Erica Phelps, Sat Jun 13 13:37
          He was not sounding out the words and reading them per-say, but since the words were repeated on each page, he was using word recognition and he knew what the sentence was going to say. I think that... more
      • Re: Jack's Reading Ability - Sara Pappas, Fri Jun 12 17:55
        I agree. Jack was very high functioning in his reading comprehension. I think it had a lot to do with the pictures that were incorporated with the text. I'm interested to know if the pictures weren't ... more
        • Reply: Sara - Erica Phelps, Sat Jun 13 13:40
          I also think that incorporating the pictures into the book was very helpful in supporting his reading ability. I think that without these pictures included, Jack may not have been able to read the... more
      • RE: Jack's Reading Ability - andersenal, Fri Jun 12 12:46
        I think Jack does really great with this book too. I don't think that it is safe to assume that Jack will plateau once he gets to the upper elementary grades. All students with ASD are different and... more
        • Reply - Erica Phelps, Sat Jun 13 13:43
          I agree and I would be very interested to see where Jack is now with his reading ability. I think that as long as Jack got the support that he needed from patient and understanding teachers, he would ... more
      • Reply to Erica - brigmanhd, Thu Jun 11 21:04
        Erica, I truly believe with the right support and guidance from a trained professional, Jack could avoid a plateau in his learning. If I'm not mistaken, I believe that plateau is a result of... more
        • This is a good point - Erica Phelps, Thu Jun 11 21:09
          This is a good point. It seems like Jack is on the track towards becoming a high level reader. This knowledge base of reading may prevent him from reaching a plateau in upper elementary years.
    • vocabulary instruction - catheyt, Thu Jun 11 16:21
      One of the ideas that stuck out for me was the difficulties ASD students have understanding new vocabulary and accessing and using their background knowledge. Koppenhaver stated that "these students... more
      • Vocabulary Instruction - Lauren Livingston, Sat Jun 13 10:05
        This is so true that students with ASD have trouble understand new vocabulary by accessing background knowledge. Students with ASD need a pre-lesson to understand vocabulary and new concepts that... more
      • Vocabulary Struggle - whitemb2, Fri Jun 12 23:19
        Vocabulary is a very hard subject to tackle in school. Growing up, the only thing I could remember about vocabulary is that you were given a list, you did some activities, you memorized the spelling... more
      • Visual Thinker - Jean Milton, Fri Jun 12 21:10
        You mentioning using background knowledge when coming across new vocabulary and this made me think of Temple Grandin. She states that whenever she hears a word an image comes in her head, but never... more
      • Re: vocabulary instruction - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 18:02
        Very nice! I can relate to your post. I have never been the best reader and throughout middle school and the first part of high school, I fell behind in my reading due to my lack of vocabulary. It... more
        • Re: vocabulary instruction - catheyt, Fri Jun 12 20:11
          Unfortunately I think vocabulary instruction receives less emphasis and importance than other areas of instruction. I think this is a mistake because it really plays such huge part in not only the... more
      • Reply to Vocabulary Instruction - Maggie Horne, Thu Jun 11 23:24
        Tavia, you bring up an excellent point. While others have brought up the difficulties in determining whether or not students are struggling with comprehension during silent reading, I would like to... more
        • great instruction! - catheyt, Fri Jun 12 20:22
          That sounds like really great instruction! Did you find that the students had greater attention to words in general? I found that the more attention I gave to interesting and difficult words in text, ... more
      • re:vocabulary instruction - hillaryyarbrough, Thu Jun 11 17:17
        This brings up a very good point. If students do not understand words that they are reading then as you said they could miss a large portion of what the book is about. My question would be, how do we ... more
        • monitor comprehension in silent reading - catheyt, Thu Jun 11 20:31
          Its definitely difficult to monitor comprehension when students are reading silently. I thtkn the only way to do it is by asking them questions periodically or having them jot down notes... more
    • Expository Text for Students with ASD - Nicholas Flippen, Thu Jun 11 15:09
      In the Carnahan and Williamson article, I read a lot about the difficulties that students with ASD can have with expository texts. This is when students are reading to learn, not learning to read.... more
      • Expository Text - Allison Powers, Sat Jun 13 17:06
        I was also blown away by the growth the students made in comprehension. I guess I took for granted that these skills were things that came naturally with exposure to nonfiction text, but you're... more
      • Re: Expository Text for Students with ASD - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 18:11
        Great ideas! When students begin to read for meaning, this transition can't be easy for anyone. Whether the student has a disability or not, they have to change the way they have been thinking about... more
      • Expository Text Reply - brawleyeo, Fri Jun 12 00:24
        I'm a speech-language pathology graduate student and this was a topic we really focused on in our School-Age Language Disorders class. I think it's important to teach the entire class reading... more
        • Teaching Explicitly - miloshcl, Fri Jun 12 12:16
          I agree! Especially in these stages of Emergent Literacy and Conventional Reading instruction, I believe all of the students in the classroom will benefit from direct instruction in text structures.... more
      • Reply to Nicholas - brigmanhd, Thu Jun 11 21:11
        I absolutely think that it's imperative to teach text structures to the whole class. There are many typically developing students who struggle with reading. Especially when the transition from... more
        • teaching to the whole class - macdonaldke, Fri Jun 12 14:36
          I agree that these strategies have to be explicitly taught to the whole class, especially once we are nearing the upper grades where these texts are more common. My literacy teacher taught us that... more
      • structure - catheyt, Thu Jun 11 16:27
        I think this is something all students should be directly taught. I think this also directly leads to some graphic organizers to match each tex structure. For example, cause and effect they could use ... more
    • Reflective Practitioner - Hayden Porter, Thu Jun 11 15:05
      In doing the Say-Something strategy this week for the videos I watched, I was able to reflect on applying best practices in reading instruction. I watched the videos with Jack, Preston and the high... more
      • Re: Reflective Practitioner - Sarah Baier, Sat Jun 13 20:31
        I agree, the fact that all children especially with an ASD respond so positively to song and rhyme!
      • Re: Reflective Practitioner - brownrf, Fri Jun 12 18:02
        I think it's definitely a good idea to ask prediction questions and methods to get your students engaged. I hope I can come up with creative strategies like the singing words to a popular song, I... more
      • a minor modification - koppenhaverd, Fri Jun 12 12:59
        Good idea not to teach finger point reading to kids with ASD. They internalize that as the only way to read unless they have widely varying experiences with print. Then they cannot become fluent... more
        • Re: A Minor Modification - Hayden Porter, Sun Jun 14 08:22
          What a good point - I hadn't considered that. Thanks for clarifying that strategy and explaining how it works with students with ASD. Thanks!
        • Fluency - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 13:55
          Dr. Koppenhaver, I enjoyed reading your reply on finger pointing to words. I would've thought that it was appropriate to have the ASD student point to the words as they read them. I understand that... more
          • when to use fingers for reading - koppenhaverd, Fri Jun 12 18:17
            Hey, Angie, Great question. It is reasonable to point to a word or highlight part of a word by blocking other parts with your fingers. At the single word level. It helps kids know what you are... more
            • Thank you for clarification - Angie Helton, Sat Jun 13 09:21
              Dr. Koppenhaver, Thank you for clarification on this. I understand the difference now, I think. Maybe if there are two to three words on the page it would be okay to block, but as the text becomes... more
      • re: reflective practitioner - Stacy Huffman, Fri Jun 12 09:59
        I love the idea of being a reflective practitioner. I have found that this is one of the greatest tools we can use as educators. I really try to take time daily to reflect on what went well, what... more
        • Re: Stacy Huffman - Hayden Porter, Sun Jun 14 08:16
          Yes! It is so important to think about what worked well that day and what could be done better the next. It helps not only us, but the success of our students as well. And using music in the class is ... more
        • Reflecting every day - miloshcl, Fri Jun 12 12:13
          I'm loving your notes on what you do in your own classroom this week (: So do you reflect in writing every day on just the day as a whole, like a journal? I have had professors tell me that this is a ... more
          • Re: Reflecting Every Day - Hayden Porter, Sun Jun 14 08:19
            I think it comes down to just what works best for you. Personally, I think it would be too much for me to write in a journal every day after school, especially to include each student! But I remember ... more
      • re: reflective practitioner - hillaryyarbrough, Thu Jun 11 16:58
        These are all such good questions to think about when teaching students on the autism spectrum. It is so important to keep our students engaged and listening actively to what we are reading and... more
        • RE: Hillary - Hayden Porter, Sun Jun 14 08:29
          Yes, I agree Hillary. It's so important to be a reflective practitioner in order to ensure our students are engaged and getting the most out of our time working with them!
      • teacher reflection - catheyt, Thu Jun 11 16:23
        Thats a good point. So much of good teaching is understanding how to evaluate your own teaching. I would also add to that list: How effective were the strategies you used? Did (student) seem... more
        • RE: Teacher Reflection - Hayden Porter, Sun Jun 14 08:21
          Yes! Those are great questions to add! I think it's important to think about different questions depending on the class of students and the subject you're working on. But those are definitely good... more
    • Work Systems - andersenal, Thu Jun 11 12:39
      In the Matching Literacy Profiles with Instruction Article, I liked the idea of work systems as a visual support for students with ASD. It shows the type of work, how much work, when the work is... more
      • RE: Work systems - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 18:39
        I read the same article and loved all of the ideas mentioned in it. I also love your idea of using a timer. I can see how that can motivate and keep children on task. Thanks for sharing! I think it... more
      • Re: Work Systems - brownrf, Fri Jun 12 18:16
        I think work systems and structure are really important for our students with ASD. I read an article during the first week of class where a teacher set up a student's work by putting everything in a... more
      • Re: Work Systems - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 18:14
        Cool post. In my volunteering and internships, I have worked with students with ASD who love to have visual cues in school. The benefit of having a picture to look at to tell you what to do versus... more
      • work systems and classroom management - macdonaldke, Fri Jun 12 15:01
        I agree with all of the comments on this thread, and can see the many advantages that work systems provide. One of you pointed out that this is not only useful for students with ASD, but all the... more
      • Re: work systems - Stacy Huffman, Fri Jun 12 09:43
        I too really like the idea of using a work system. I use this with each of my students in my classroom. The cool thing about using a work system, is that there is nothing that says you can that work... more
        • Types of Work Systems? - andersenal, Fri Jun 12 12:49
          I'm curious about the types of work systems you use in your classroom because I have only seen it done in the one way. How do your work systems differ from student to student? Do they just have... more
      • Strutured schedule - Jordan Seagraves, Thu Jun 11 13:16
        I have never worked with a student with ASD before but I have seen teachers use schedules on students desks. I think is really neat that it gives the student choices of what they can do when they... more
        • Reply to Jordan - andersenal, Thu Jun 11 20:10
          The work system that my teacher used had choices like silent reading, computer time, go for a walk around the track (this was something that calmed him down). He could only concentrate for so long... more
        • Re: structured schedules - Stacy Huffman, Thu Jun 11 16:04
          Jordan, the schedule is a visual support that the students use to help them transition throughout their day. This type of schedule is especially helpful for students who have difficulties with... more
      • Re: Work Systems - lavertyse, Thu Jun 11 13:13
        I have been in classrooms where a similar system was in place. I interned in a room where the student saw exactly what his day would be like from start to finish. He was old enough to tell time so... more
    • 2nd Language - whitemb2, Thu Jun 11 12:19
      So I also watched the video of Mike and saw how the teacher used sign language in order to communicate with her student and also see if he could comprehend basic questions that was asked of him. In... more
      • RE: 2nd language - tatem1, Sat Jun 13 18:59
        I think knowing a second language is very beneficial and knowing sign language can help tremendously when working with non-verbal students. Imagine having a non-verbal student or a student who knows... more
      • RE: 2nd Language - parsonkl, Sat Jun 13 15:35
        Personally, I love the idea of knowing a second language. I was signed up to take sign language at a different college last year, but they had a really long waiting list and I was not able to get in... more
      • Re: 2nd Language - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 18:18
        Awesome ideas. Given my personal background, I can say that it is very important to learn a second language. In my high school, there was a big language barrier because we had a large Hispanic... more
        • Signing and 2nd Languages - Rachel Caldwell, Sat Jun 13 12:00
          My home town has a large Hispanic population that typically does not speak English. This can make communicating with parents and new students difficult. Going back to the sign language part of this... more
      • Keep learning - miloshcl, Fri Jun 12 12:02
        It is ABSOLUTELY not a waste of time to learn a second language. As a teacher, sure, it's great to have at least a little bit of a second language because some of your students WILL be English... more
      • Reply to 2nd Language - Maggie Horne, Thu Jun 11 23:00
        While I understand where everyone else is coming from, I do not believe that learning a second language is ever a waste of time. Learning sign language, or any other language, is incredibly time... more
        • Learn a 2nd Language! - Navila Castro, Fri Jun 12 21:25
          I am glad the conversation on language has come up. I have grown up bilingual and it's great! Knowing a second language opens the door to be able to connect with more students and people around you.... more
      • re: 2nd language - hillaryyarbrough, Thu Jun 11 16:54
        I think it is very important to learn a second language if you have the time and means to. It would be very time consuming trying to learn and perfect a second language. I think that in a perfect... more
      • re: 2nd language - Stacy Huffman, Thu Jun 11 15:57
        I am torn on this. With the direction our country is moving, I can definitely see the benefit of learning a second language. With regards to sign language, I have picked up a little hear and there. I ... more
        • Experience - miloshcl, Fri Jun 12 12:09
          That's great, Stacy! What signs in particular are useful? I would love to hear about your experience with students with ASD. Do you couple signs with words in large group instruction or just with the ... more
      • RE: Second Language - Hayden Porter, Thu Jun 11 15:10
        I think sign language is an awesome way to communicate! For young children, and people with communication difficulties, this language is great. I took several sign language classes a few years ago... more
      • Maybe? - Jordan Seagraves, Thu Jun 11 13:07
        I don't think learning a second language is necessary for teachers; however, it would be very beneficial. My problem is which language do I take as a second language? Spanish, Chinese, sign language? ... more
    • Video of Mike - brownrf, Thu Jun 11 10:42
      I think it's really cool when you watch these videos and you can make a personal connection. Watching the video of Mike, I felt like I was watching a video of a student I used to work with. I am so... more
      • Reply - Erica Phelps, Sat Jun 13 13:46
        I agree! Some of these videos remind me of students that I have worked with in the past. It is interesting to see which strategies work for the students in the videos. It makes me wonder if these... more
      • Mike Video - brawleyeo, Fri Jun 12 00:31
        I found it really rewarding when Mike and his mom were able to have a successful exchange and he understood what his mom was asking! I was wondering if some of the breakdown in communication had to... more
        • RE: Mike Video - Nicholas Flippen, Sat Jun 13 13:38
          I have to say, I was wondering the same thing while watching the Mike video. It was awesome to see him and his mother have the communicative connection that they had, however, his mother obviously... more
        • Listening comprehension? Mike Video - Navila Castro, Fri Jun 12 22:58
          I absolutely enjoyed watching this video over and over. Mike was such a delight even with having his impairments. Going back to the "Whole to Part Reading Assessment Lecture", would you guys agree... more
        • Re: Mike Video - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 18:23
          This was a thought I had to. I know a young boy back home who has issues with communication. His family and friends know all of his signs so he can communicate well enough with them, but in novel... more
      • Re: Video of Mike - lavertyse, Thu Jun 11 13:15
        I feel the same way! In my limited experience with students with ASD, I feel like I have seen examples of what we are seeing in these videos. It makes me feel better to have worked with these... more
    • Reading Comprehension - McKenzi Davis, Thu Jun 11 10:02
      An article that I read discussed that reading comprehension is a combination of text- driven and knowledge- driven processing. This really stuck out to me because I think I primarily thought of... more
      • Reply: Reading Comprehension - Erica Phelps, Thu Jun 11 20:48
        I agree. This article reminded me of learning to teach students how to use text features in nonfiction texts. This is a skill that can be very helpful when a student is struggling to "organize" a... more
        • Reading Comprehension - Mckenzi Davis, Fri Jun 12 09:56
          Texts can often be intimidating to their readers, despite their reading ability level. I think that text features are less intimidating to readers, especially developing readers. I think that it is... more
      • Re: Reading Comprehension - lavertyse, Thu Jun 11 13:21
        In my student teaching, we were specifically teaching text features to our students in hopes that it would help them connect to the text and be able to better comprehend what they are reading. We do... more
        • RE: Reading Comprehension - hildebranak, Thu Jun 11 14:51
          I think text features are important to emergent readers and most other readers for that matter. It gives them a springboard to use their imagination to set the scene of the text in their minds. And,... more
          • Reply to Reading Comprehension: Amy - Maggie Horne, Thu Jun 11 22:54
            Amy, I did not think of it in this way. While thinking of teaching students with ASD about different text features, I thought it might be a little more difficult for them to comprehend. We can use... more
      • Knowledge and text driven - Jordan Seagraves, Thu Jun 11 10:23
        I had never thought of reading comprehension as a combination of text-driven and knowledge driven process, but it makes total sense when you think about it. Dr. Koppenhaver gave us a statistics piece ... more
    • Structural Cues - McKenzi Davis, Thu Jun 11 09:52
      In the reading that discussed science texts there was a lot mentioned about structural cues in texts, specifically expository texts. The article mentions that if there is little background knowledge... more
      • RE: Structural Cues - hildebranak, Thu Jun 11 14:47
        I agree with your assessment of Structural Cues. I also think it is important for the students to know and use signal words when trying to comprehend a text. These words will alert the students to... more
        • Structural Cues - McKenzi Davis, Fri Jun 12 09:50
          Exactly, I think that these words are great to show relationships and to regain focus of the students. I think that pointing out these words are especially important when students are reading about... more
      • RE: Structural Cues - Jordan Seagraves, Thu Jun 11 10:15
        I also thought that this paragraph was interesting. It is in the common core now to teach students about different text features. I think this is so important to do, because when student do get into... more
    • Priming - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 17:35
      This week, the topic of priming also came to my attention. I had never really thought about how helpful it could be to prepare students beforehand to engage in the material that they would be... more
      • RE: Priming - Nicholas Flippen, Sat Jun 13 13:42
        In my Practicum 1 placement this past semester, I had the opportunity to use priming with two students that had ASD. The classroom teacher was going to introduce and read them a story that had words... more
      • re: priming - Stacy Huffman, Thu Jun 11 16:08
        This topic also caught my attention. I have never really intentionally used this strategy, but have done something along these lines with my students. Now that I know that it is a strategy and how to ... more
      • Re: Priming - lavertyse, Thu Jun 11 13:26
        When I read about priming, I related it to what I had heard called 'front loading' of information. The way I had done this and seen it done is kind of building background knowledge and understanding... more
        • Pre-Lesson - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 14:31
          I would think of this as a pre-lesson from what I am understanding. I didn't read this article and would love to hear more about this. I am definitely going to download it for future reference. I... more
        • Priming - luckadooso, Thu Jun 11 20:13
          Thank you for this response! I think that front loading is an excellent way to make sure that students have a solid foundation on which to approach the learning targets!
      • Re: Priming - brownrf, Thu Jun 11 12:12
        I have seen some teachers use this priming method and I think it is very effective. It kind of rounds up the students' thoughts and ideas and gets them focused on the topic that is going to be... more
      • Re: Priming - Hunter Hastings, Thu Jun 11 09:52
        Yes! I think priming is something that is so important. It reminds me of an anticipatory set, or the "hook" of a lesson. So maybe "priming" can be introducing the subject, getting the students... more
      • Priming - Cynthia Trickel, Wed Jun 10 21:50
        I think priming is an excellent way to prepare students for upcoming lessons. If you have a parent that is very involved you can also ask them to assist with this with doing things like reading a... more
        • Priming - McKenzi Davis, Thu Jun 11 09:23
          I like how you suggested getting an involved parent to help the student prepare by reading them a story about the content area maybe the night before it is presented. I think that is a good way to... more
          • Reply to Priming: McKenzi - Maggie Horne, Thu Jun 11 23:17
            McKenzi, I completely agree with Cynthia, I LOVE your idea about teaching across the curriculum to prime students. I believe teachers who are able to effectively execute this idea offer invaluable... more
          • across curriculum - Cynthia Trickel, Thu Jun 11 09:33
            That is a great point! I agree that teaching across the curriculum is a way to integrate subjects, expand knowledge of a topic, and a great way to use priming.
    • Literacy is many things - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 17:33
      I learned so much in the module this week! I loved how we learned hands-on skills and strategies to help us to serve the students that will be in our classrooms. One thing that stuck out to me... more
      • Practical - Sonya Summey, Sat Jun 13 23:00
        I also learned a lot from this week! The importance of literacy was made very practical. It really is in our everyday life and is so important for everyone to learn how to read. I loved being... more
      • RE Literacy is many things - Rebecca McVey, Sat Jun 13 22:41
        Literacy is so many things. Sometimes I get so overwhelmed with all of the different aspects of print that need to be taught. Does anyone have any suggestions to keep all of these concepts organized? ... more
      • one risk if literacy is defined too broadly - koppenhaverd, Fri Jun 12 13:05
        My colleagues and I keep the definition of literacy narrow: reading and writing. We talk about other important skills as competencies rather than literacies. What we have found if we don't is that... more
      • re: Literacy is many things - Stacy Huffman, Fri Jun 12 10:03
        I too love the quote you referenced. I really felt enlightened after thinking about this and how it applies to my students. I agree with what you said that it is so easy for us to get caught up in... more
      • Re: Literacy is many things - lavertyse, Thu Jun 11 13:29
        I read the article you quoted and remember those few sentences. That is something that is very true. It is more than reading and writing. I agree with you that we sometimes get too caught up in... more
      • Re: Literacy is so many things - Hunter Hastings, Thu Jun 11 09:57
        That quote in Carnahan's article also stood out to me! I think it is so important for teachers to teach comprehension alongside teaching how to read. If they don't, then reading wouldn't really be... more
      • Partnering? - Jordan Seagraves, Wed Jun 10 21:37
        I believe that partnering is important. I believe I read somewhere that partnering based on level may not always be the best situation rather partnering a low and high student together would be more... more
        • High and Low student - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 14:58
          From what I have read, and understand, it is best to pair a low performing student with a high performing student because the high performing student (HP) can assist in helping the lower performing... more
        • Re: Partnering? - Hunter Hastings, Thu Jun 11 10:13
          Good question! I think that partnering a low and a big student together is a good idea, but I don't think the partnership can be simply based on their ability to read. I think that is just depends on ... more
        • Vary the levels within a group - miloshcl, Thu Jun 11 09:49
          While reading the chapter by Dr. Koppenhaver, I was reinforced in my belief that it is best to never make pairs or groups on the basis of level. It is not helpful to the students to be working with... more
          • The Negatives to Grouping - Rachel Caldwell, Sat Jun 13 12:08
            I have seen so many classes group by ability, and yes while the highest group usually continues to grow, I have seen the negative effects it can have on the lower groups. In Dr. Koppenhaver's... more
        • Partnering Question - McKenzi Davis, Thu Jun 11 09:34
          I think that partnering is so important in the class because it encompasses many of the skills that Sarah described as literacy. I think that various partner groups should be formed based solely on... more
          • Partnering - luckadooso, Thu Jun 11 20:09
            I agree, McKenzi! I really liked your idea of different partnering for different activities. I think it is just important to be explicit when teaching how to work in partners so that everyone is... more
            • Partnering - McKenzi Davis, Fri Jun 12 09:45
              That is so true Sarah. The only way to make partnering successful in the classroom is by making sure that all students, despite their academic abilities, have equal opportunities for input during... more
        • Partnering Question - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 22:55
          I think that partnering at different levels can be beneficial in different ways. It can be helpful to partner two students on the same level in order to help with skills and understanding on a level... more
          • Reply to Partnering Question: Sarah - Maggie Horne, Thu Jun 11 23:09
            Sarah, I completely agree with you! I really appreciate what you said about making sure one student does not dominate the activity. I have found that when partnering students of a high ability level... more
    • Assessment for Appropriate Instruction - rognstadgr, Wed Jun 10 16:38
      I learned a lot in the lecture that discussed the assessment that determines when a student should receive Emergent Interventions or Conventional Interventions. The lecture was clear, concise and... more
      • RE Assessment - Rebecca McVey, Sat Jun 13 22:17
        I agree with so many things covered in your post. Without assessment, we as teachers can not provide students with meaningful nor appropriate instruction. I really liked what you said about school... more
      • re: assessment for appropriate instruction - Stacy Huffman, Thu Jun 11 16:13
        I too feel that the lecture gave me a clear understanding of where my students should be receiving instruction. As I listened to the lecture and the breakdown of emergent verses conventional, I knew... more
      • RE: Assessment for Appropriate Instruction - hildebranak, Thu Jun 11 14:41
        I agree these interventions are very important information. I liked that it gave a place for us to start with our students, at the pre-primer level, so that when they reach 80% in competency we know... more
      • Emergent vs. Conventional - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 17:14
        I agree, the chart was one of the most helpful things that I also learned this week. I think that it is important to remember also that learning does not always occur in a linear format. It is... more
    • Reciprocal Questioning/Peer Work - brigmanhd, Wed Jun 10 15:23
      This week, I read the case study about reciprocal questioning and working with peers. The study was set up in a way that each student had supports readily available if needed. Some of these supports... more
      • Reply to Reciprocal Questioning/Peer Work - Maggie Horne, Thu Jun 11 18:35
        Haley, I agree! At first this article seemed a little long and daunting, but I really enjoyed it! I loved this strategy and all of the skills it targeted. I used something similar to this strategy in ... more
      • reply to brigmanhd - rognstadgr, Wed Jun 10 16:46
        I really liked this strategy as well. One thing that popped out to me was that these supports are simple and cost-effective. I know this should not be the goal, however, it is always a plus when the... more
        • simple and cost effective - catheyt, Thu Jun 11 16:30
          I think simplicity is often best when teaching. The goal of our instruction and intervention is to give our struggling students tools they can then apply on their own independently. So using things... more
      • Re: Reciprocal Questioning/Peer Work - lavertyse, Wed Jun 10 16:25
        Haley, I think that is important for us to pull out of this article. We need to always be monitoring students and their progress to see where information is missing or where we might need to fill in... more
      • question words - Cynthia Trickel, Wed Jun 10 15:31
        The supports you mention, visual cues, checklist and question words are great with working with a student with ASD. I was especially interested in the question words, as I have not seen that strategy ... more
    • Repeated Readings - lavertyse, Wed Jun 10 13:53
      In the Reading Comprehension article for this week we learned that repeated readings help increase the readability of a text. This means that a text that may be a little difficult becomes easier over ... more
      • Re: Repeated Readings - Sara Pappas, Fri Jun 12 18:33
        As i read this section of the article, I thought the same thing because I was literally repeating my readings over and over. After I read it a couple times I understood what it meant. I think... more
        • Re: Repeated Readings - Megan Rembert, Sat Jun 13 12:49
          i think that absolutely re readings helps with comprehension and fluency and rate. They are all connected. As your rate and your fluency increase, your comprehension, not only of the piece itself but ... more
      • Repeat or not? - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 15:02
        I have struggled with this almost all semester thus far. At first I thought that if an educator goes over and over and over the same information, that all the students would get bored with it. Some... more
      • repeated readings and comprehension - koppenhaverd, Fri Jun 12 13:12
        Repeated readings in isolation (like Read Naturally does) for the purpose of reading more fluently (as measured by words per minute) will have little effect on comprehension. However, if you used the ... more
      • RE: Repeated Readings - hildebranak, Thu Jun 11 14:32
        I think that repeated readings is a great strategy in reading comprehension. I know that if I read something more than one time I pick up on somethings that I missed or misinterpreted the first time... more
      • Reply to Sara - andersenal, Thu Jun 11 12:53
        This kind of reminds me of how when I read an article or something that is confusing, I try to go back and reread it to better understand what the text is saying. I think that alot of people go back... more
      • Repeated readings - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 17:26
        I think that repeated readings would be helpful in comprehension when used in conjunction with other teaching strategies. Doing various types of rereading such as a picture walk through, shared... more
        • Reply - K. Madison Broome, Mon Jun 22 00:05
          I could not agree more! The combination of strategies is key! The more they are exposed to something the more they understand it. I know this is true for me! If I don't understand something I re-read ... more
      • rely to lavertyse - rognstadgr, Wed Jun 10 16:53
        I would say that repeated readings would probably help students comprehend the text better. It may not be the most effective intervention for comprehension; however, re-reading text would allow the... more
    • Comprehension - Amanda Wallace, Wed Jun 10 12:56
      In reading the articles for this week I thought the components of reading comprehension were interesting. The relevant components are word identification, language comprehension, and print... more
      • The Characteristics of Skilled Readers - Rachel Caldwell, Sat Jun 13 12:33
        I would have never thought of the different components of reading comprehension or would have thought to broken them down into those 3 different components. Last week I did not see how important... more
      • Reply to Comprehension - Maggie Horne, Thu Jun 11 18:47
        Amanda, I really enjoyed learning about the components of reading comprehension as well. Of course I want to improve my students reading comprehension skills, but I did not know what all I should... more
      • reply Amanda Wallace - rognstadgr, Wed Jun 10 16:59
        I thought this was very interesting as well. I learned for the first time that *silent* reading comprehension is the goal. In schools we encourage students to read out loud all the time, younger... more
      • Reply to Amanda - brigmanhd, Wed Jun 10 15:30
        I've learned about the components of reading comprehension before but the lecture was an excellent review and went more in-depth. I had never thought about silent reading being the ultimate goal but... more
    • Ultimate Goal? - Jordan Seagraves, Wed Jun 10 11:47
      One of the most interesting things that stood out to me was that the ultimate goal of reading was to be able to do it silently. I had never thought of this before. I am just curious if everybody... more
      • Silent Reading - Allison Powers, Sat Jun 13 20:22
        I hadn't thought about silent reading comprehension until this class. I think it hadn't really crossed my mind because I didn't know how you would assess it. However, it did make me realize how... more
      • Response to Jordan Seagraves - Navila Castro, Fri Jun 12 23:33
        Jordan, great topic to bring up. I myself found that the print processing part of the lecture very interesting. You know what really called my attention? The fact mentioned in the silent reading... more
        • Reading Aloud Silently - Rachel Caldwell, Sat Jun 13 12:39
          I too thought it was very interesting that when we are reading silently we still act as if we were reading aloud. As I was thinking about this, I caught myself mouthing the words and hearing them in... more
      • Re: Ultimate Goal? - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 18:31
        What a great question. I read what you and other in this thread had to say about this issues and I think everyone makes good points for both sides. The way I decided to approach it was that when that ... more
      • Re: Ultimate Goal - Hayden Porter, Thu Jun 11 14:26
        Such an interesting point, I'm glad you brought it up, Jordan. I was a little surprised by this statement as well. It seemed bold to say that the ultimate goal was to be able to read silently and... more
      • Re: Ultimate Goal? - brownrf, Thu Jun 11 12:14
        I am a little torn about this being the ultimate goal...I think reading silently is a very hard thing to do and it is hard to learn but why should it be the ultimate goal? Also, if you can read and... more
        • reply to brownrf - macdonaldke, Fri Jun 12 14:30
          I agree that maybe we shouldn't call this the "ultimate goal" of a child's education, but I would encourage you to read the other comments that are full of good insights. I came to this discussion... more
          • Reading as Adults - Rachel Caldwell, Sat Jun 13 12:45
            This topic was discussed some last module, and then I did not understand why it was so important for students to learn to read silently if reading aloud worked for them. But as we learned in the... more
            • focusing while reading - macdonaldke, Sun Jun 14 06:33
              I am with you on that one, Rachel! I definitely have caught myself drifting trying to read a lengthy passage and usually have to start reading aloud to focus. However, sometimes I find I even read... more
          • Reply to macdonaldke - K. Madison Broome, Fri Jun 12 21:31
            I really like the way you put this! As adults in society, we read things silently a lot more than most people think! Reading out loud comes first and is so important but the next step is silent... more
      • reply jordan seagraves - rognstadgr, Wed Jun 10 17:19
        This was also very shocking to me! I had never heard that before, but like you said, as long as you know how to read and can comprehend the information. I liked the point that he made during the... more
      • Silent reading - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 17:10
        I agree with you in some ways, but in others I see what they are trying to say. I think that, often, a very heavy focus is placed on students being able to read aloud. For some students, this is a... more
      • Re: Ultimate Goal? - lavertyse, Wed Jun 10 13:46
        Jordan, I agree with you. I had never heard that the 'ultimate goal' was to be able to silently comprehend, but I think it makes sense. As adults we read silently and comprehend what we read (the... more
        • Re: Ultimate Goal? - Hunter Hastings, Thu Jun 11 10:46
          I also didn't know that silent reading with comprehension was the ultimate goal. It definitely makes sense though. It's kind of like teaching students daily living skills. We assist them, and... more
    • Reading Assessments - Cynthia Trickel, Tue Jun 9 17:34
      This week I learned a lot about informal reading assessments through the lecture. I found myself trying to determine appropriate instruction for students that I read about or the ones that I viewed... more
      • Re: Reading Assessment - wigginsmr, Tue Jun 16 23:28
        Assessing students is the first step in teaching them efficiently. Students need to be reading on their instructional level and the only way to figure that out is to assess them. I was also very... more
      • reply cynthia trickle - rognstadgr, Wed Jun 10 17:14
        I also really enjoyed the lectures this weeks. I thought they covered a lot of good information and was very helpful. In the article written by Carnahan & Williamson, they did a study about enhancing ... more
      • Visual support - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 17:07
        I agree, this week was very informative and gave me lots of good ideas. The visual support ideas were ones that stuck out to me as well. In my past experiences with students with ASD, using visual... more
        • re: visual support - Stacy Huffman, Thu Jun 11 16:19
          You are so right about providing students with multiple ways to access information. This works well for all students and really is part of the Universal Design for Learning. This is such an awesome... more
      • Which is most important? - Jordan Seagraves, Wed Jun 10 12:13
        I think it was great that the lecture broke down which part of the students learning should be worked on. The obvious is whichever one they struggle the most in. Is it word Identification, language... more
        • Re: Which is most important? - Alexandria Spurrier, Sat Jun 13 13:33
          I loved this weeks lectures and was really glad that this point was made. I had the same questions as you and I feel now they are answered about which one was the most important to focus on!
        • Reply to Which is Most Important? - Maggie Horne, Thu Jun 11 23:34
          Jordan, that was something I also found extremely interesting. After those components were broken down for me, I found them all equally important. I realize now that you are right, language... more
        • Re: Which is Most Important? - hillaryyarbrough, Thu Jun 11 16:51
          I found this interesting as well. I was never aware of language comprehension with students who have ASD. As you said, I would have worked on one area at a time, forgetting to address language... more
        • Aha moments - miloshcl, Thu Jun 11 09:51
          That's great that you gained so much from the three lectures, Jordan! I had never heard of the Silent Reading Comprehension model either and seeing it in a whole-to-part model helped me understand... more
          • Reply - K. Madison Broome, Fri Jun 12 21:45
            I think that it is the most important because if someone is reading something and they don't understand it what is the point of reading it?? Comprehension is the point of reading and should... more
        • language comprehension - Cynthia Trickel, Wed Jun 10 15:27
          I agree with your statements. I guess I have not really thought of it in the ways the article broke it down. It really helped my comprehension about the importance of each and how to determine... more
      • Re: Cynthia Trickel - hillaryyarbrough, Wed Jun 10 09:08
        Schedules are so important to students on the autism spectrum. Routine is vital when getting these students to cooperate or be able to focus on school. By having the students school schedule in their ... more
      • Re: Reading Assessments - bennettmc, Tue Jun 9 18:20
        Cynthia, I didn't know that nonfictional passages help students to learn better. That's a great piece of information to have. I would have thought that students, especially younger students, relate... more
    • Module 3 Response- What I learned - bennettmc, Tue Jun 9 14:07
      I feel like I learned so much this week! There are many strengths of reading instructions for children with ASD. First, the idea of reading with a peer is a strength because it allows students to... more
      • Autism Specialists - miloshcl, Thu Jun 11 10:07
        Those are very relevant concerns you express. So much is still being learned about individuals with ASD and teaching individuals with ASD; the field is still young. Meeting with other professionals... more
        • re: autism specialist - Stacy Huffman, Fri Jun 12 09:53
          I would love to one day become an autism specialist. We currently have a behavior specialist at our school, but she has a lot of knowledge on working with students with autism- most of which has come ... more
        • specialists - catheyt, Thu Jun 11 16:33
          That's great! I haven't heard of any specialists in my county. Is this only for schools with a designated class for autistic students? My colleagues and I have always discussed (complained!) about... more
        • Re:Autism Specialists - Hunter Hastings, Thu Jun 11 10:49
          That is so interesting! I didn't know that schools were hiring Autism Specialists. I suppose since the number of kids being diagnosed with autism is increasing, there is definitely a need for it! As... more
      • Re: bennettmc - Hunter Hastings, Thu Jun 11 10:07
        You hit a lot of great key points that teachers need to know when teaching their students with ASD how to read. Students with ASD do typically have difficulty with language comprehension, therefore... more
      • Inclusion and support - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 16:52
        I have also heard from parents who are frustrated because they feel as though the system is not doing all that it can for their child. I think an important thing to remember here is that it takes the ... more
      • Re: bennettmc - hillaryyarbrough, Wed Jun 10 09:06
        I'm glad you brought up the point of advocacy and meetings about students with ASD. I also feel that teachers are overwhelmed by all of these new strategies being thrown at them for one student when... more
      • peer learning - Cynthia Trickel, Tue Jun 9 17:38
        In the past I have paired a middle school student with ASD with another student for reading. It was very interesting to watch them interact and I can say that both students benefited from this... more
        • Re: Peer Learning - brownrf, Thu Jun 11 12:18
          I think peer reading is a great activity. During my internship, I was in a self-contained classroom with students with autism, and they had buddy reading twice a week. They were partnered with... more
        • Re:peer learning - bennettmc, Tue Jun 9 20:27
          Cynthia, Was the student you paired with the middle school student who had ASD also the same age? I was just wondering what your experience had been and if it's more beneficial to pair students of... more
          • age - Cynthia Trickel, Tue Jun 9 23:27
            The students I paired together were in the same 8th grade classroom. I have not had experience pairing students of different ages, but that would be interesting to see how they interacted if one... more
            • Re: age - bennettmc, Wed Jun 10 00:38
              From the Whalon and Hanline reading I learned that researchers paired together students. These students were also the same age and it was very effective. Therefore, maybe the best method is to pair... more
              • Age and pairing - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 16:48
                I agree with you that pairing by age is definitely effective, but I wouldn't overlook pairing younger and older students together as well. Teaching is one of the best ways to make sure that you are... more
                • Age/Skill Level and Pairing - Kelsie Fender, Fri Jun 12 21:36
                  I like your take on how pairing and older and younger student could be beneficial because it could help for the older student to be the teacher. This also made me think of pairing by skill level. Any ... more
              • RE: bennettmc age - hildebranak, Wed Jun 10 07:52
                I think pairing students together is a great idea. I know I have learned a lot that I didn't understand better being paired with another student who was able to explain things in terms that were... more
                • Re: hildebranak - bennettmc, Wed Jun 10 08:53
                  I agree with you, it is effective, especially effective for students who have ASD. I would say that students learn from both the ways you mentioned. That is, the other student is able to act as an... more
    • Determining the Greatest Need - hildebranak, Tue Jun 9 13:07
      This is the part of this week's lesson that I think will benefit me the most. This is basically a step-by-step guide that can be used to determine where/what a student's strengths and weaknesses are... more
      • Re: Determining the Greatest Need - hinesjd, Fri Jun 12 18:05
        Great catch. Not only is it important to determine strengths and weaknesses, but it is equally important to be able to teach to those. As teachers, we have to be able to teach new things to students... more
      • Greatest need - Angie Helton, Fri Jun 12 14:43
        Amy, I have to agree that determining the strengths and weaknesses of students is truly one of the greatest accomplishments a teacher can make because from this, the teacher can then focus in on the... more
      • need - catheyt, Thu Jun 11 16:37
        I liked this also. Its helpful to have a systematic way to address the needs of students. This would be really beneficial if a school all followed the same guide. It would make determining goals that ... more
      • reply hildebranak - rognstadgr, Wed Jun 10 17:23
        I agree, this week has been very helpful for me and my future classroom! I feel I have gained many effective techniques and strategies for helping students with ASD with reading comprehension. The... more
      • Greatest need and - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 16:40
        I agree, this module has been most helpful in giving us actual tools to use in our future careers in order to best serve the students with ASD that will be in our classrooms. I also think that it is... more
        • Needs Beyond Reading and Writing - Rachel Caldwell, Sat Jun 13 12:52
          Until this week, I would never have thought about not only the different steps/stages of reading and comprehending, but of the different components that are useful that are often overlooked. For... more
        • RE: luckadooso - hildebranak, Wed Jun 10 22:03
          Yes! It is important to not generalize all ASD students as learning in the same way and having the same skills at the same age. I like how we have learned in the class. It has started out to... more
      • Strengths and Weaknesses - Amanda Wallace, Wed Jun 10 13:01
        I also found this module very helpful. This will benefit many teachers to know exactly how to determine students strengths and weaknesses, and how to best plan instruction with those in mind.
      • Re: hildebranak - hillaryyarbrough, Wed Jun 10 09:03
        I agree with you. This module has been very helpful because of the videos and readings having so much to do with strategies for the classroom. The skills that you mentioned word identification,... more
      • Re: Determining the greatest need - bennettmc, Tue Jun 9 14:12
        I agree with you. Although I do not teach, I feel like the information and material I have learned this week will be helpful in my future work with children who have ASD. It was neat to learn about... more
        • social work - Cynthia Trickel, Tue Jun 9 17:42
          I was intrigued by your statement that you feel you can utilize the assessments in the social work field. Can you tell me more about how you might use this? We(at Juvenile Justice) use all of our... more
          • Re: social work - bennettmc, Wed Jun 10 00:43
            Cynthia, I can't even begin to tell you how much we rely on assessments within the social work field. Assessments are our key to finding out the information we need in order to advocate for, help,... more
    • Reading Instruction - hillaryyarbrough, Tue Jun 9 10:31
      Reading instruction for students with ASD is a process that should not be taken lightly. There are so many strategies and techniques that can be used to help these children with reading fluency as... more
      • Re: Reading Instruction - Alexandria Spurrier, Sat Jun 13 13:15
        I am also concerned about not having enough time in the classroom with some students because that may be the key to their success. Working with some students takes a lot of time, but you can't take... more
      • Reply to Hilary Yarbrough - Hayden Porter, Thu Jun 11 14:50
        I agree that it is so important to prompt students to actively think about what they are reading. This engagement in the text reminds students to look for the bigger picture in what their reading, so ... more
      • Re: Reading Instruction - Anonymous, Thu Jun 11 14:50
        I agree that it is so important to prompt students to actively think about what they are reading. This engagement in the text reminds students to look for the bigger picture in what their reading, so ... more
      • reply to hillaryyarbrough - rognstadgr, Wed Jun 10 17:05
        I really liked that you brought up the importance of having patience. It is so easy to get ahead of ourselves and want/expect our students to learn these concepts quickly. Like you mentioned it is so ... more
      • One-on-one - luckadooso, Wed Jun 10 16:34
        I really enjoyed your post, first of all. I think that it can be easy to forget how much time and training it takes for students to learn to be successful. It is vital that we keep a positive outlook ... more
      • Goals - Amanda Wallace, Wed Jun 10 13:05
        I agree Hillary. It is important for us to know and be able to figure out students strengths and weaknesses to know what strategies and methods work best for them as individuals. Patience is... more
      • Re: Reading Instruction - bennettmc, Tue Jun 9 13:37
        I agree with you Hillary, patience is key. Although I am not a teacher, I do work with individuals who have ASD and often want to see them improve right away, but we have to remember to these... more
        • Re:Reading Instruction - Hunter Hastings, Thu Jun 11 11:00
          I too agree. I learned, and am continuing to learn about patience. I think one of the biggest struggles will be allowing students enough wait time, as well as prompting when teaching. I worked with a ... more
      • RE: Reading Instruction - hildebranak, Tue Jun 9 13:04
        Thank you for sharing your experience as a classroom teacher. I am just a student and won't get to experience the classroom until this fall. I wonder if an aid could take over some of the "regular"... more
        • time - Cynthia Trickel, Tue Jun 9 17:51
          I agree that time is always a factor, especially when you are trying to teach everyone in a general education class. I guess I have looked at instruction through the eyes of a special education... more
          • Time is Crucial - whitemb2, Fri Jun 12 23:22
            There is never enough time to get to every students and meet their needs and teach the materials we have planned. So how do we as teachers or future teachers get that time? The teacher I work with... more
            • Re Time is Crucial. - Rebecca McVey, Sat Jun 13 22:25
              That makes me so sad to hear. I understand that time is precious, and sometimes our students take a lot of that time, but they will do nothing but fall further and further behind without attention... more
            • re: time - Cynthia Trickel, Sat Jun 13 07:17
              First, I feel your pain. As an EC Teacher I was always feeling the burden of soooo many needs. It saddens me to hear about the teacher's "plan" for teaching the students with disabilities in her... more
          • Re: time - Hunter Hastings, Thu Jun 11 11:05
            Ahhh. Time is probably the number one thing that stresses me out about becoming a special education teacher. Before my Block 1 placement, I had no idea how I was going to be able to individualize and ... more
            • re: time - Cynthia Trickel, Thu Jun 11 11:59
              I understand how you feel. When I first starting teaching I was a general education teacher in the elementary grades. An opening came up for a special education teacher in one of the schools and I... more
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