There is ample evidence of Dake's involvement with the Earps (or his use of them for his purposes, depending on one's perspective) in the National Archives records of the Justice Department (both the U. S. Marshals' records and the Attorney General's records). These records are available on microfilm. There are also relevant records from the State Department records (because of Mexico's involvement in the "Cow-Boy War.")
Some of the records may be seen in Don Taylor's THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICAN V THE "COWBOYS," Tombstone: Old West Publishing Co., 2006. This volume reproduces some of the documents.
Other secondary works relevant to the subject include:
Larry D. Ball, "Frontier Lawman: Crawley P. Dake and Law Enforcement on the Southwestern Frontier," THE JOURNAL OF ARIZONA HISTORY (Autumn, 1973)
Larry D. Ball, THE UNITED STATES MARSHALS OF NEW MEXICO AND ARIZONA TERRITORIES, 1846-1912 (1978).
Stephen Cresswell, MOROMONS, COWBOYS, MOONSHINERS & KLANSMEN: FEDERAL LAW ENFOIRCEMENT IN THE SOUTH & WEST, 1870-1893 (1991).
Katherine Benton-Cohen, BORDERLINE AMERICANS: RACIAL DIVISION AND LABOR WAR IN THE ARIZONA BORDERLANDS ((2009).
These works are less concerned with the Earps and concentrate more on federal law enforcement. Ball is especially important with respect to Dake.
I might also refer you to my Doc book, p. 493, note 135, which refers to the visit of Congressional Delegate Curtis C. Bean with Wyatt Earp in Aspen Colorado in September 1885, concerning his dealings with Marshal Dake. This was during the time that Leigh Chalmers, a special investigator for the Justice Department, was reviewing Dake's accounts.
There's little doubt that Dake supported the Earps, as did Wells, Fargo, and a number of businessmen in Tombstone. They may not have approved Earp's methods (one by one), but they were not unhappy with the results. After the fact, they may have distanced themselves with what happened for political reasons, but they privately approved what had happened.
Lynn Bailey has a book forthcoming on the Cow-Boys which I fully expect to broaden our knowledge considerably.
Gary, Thanks. I will try to check out the Ball sources. My long experience with books with phrases like “racial division” in the title makes me wary, so I will stay away from that one. I am looking... more
but Dake never turned his back on the Earps. On December 8, 1881, after the Spicer hearing, he spoke of the "effectual blow" his deputies had struck, and he made his position clear: "hereafer my... more
Gary, Yes, costly. In addition to the embezzlement charge, I have read that Dake was forced out as US Marshal of Arizona Territory because of his not so clandestine support of the Earps. In the... more
with regard to Chalmers performing a lackluster investigation to satisfy politicos. When Chalmers filed an initial report, his boss was not satisfied and chastised Chalmers for what appeared to be... more
Butch, Perhaps Chalmers’s boss thought it did not look good enough to satisfy whomever it was supposed to, so he told Chalmers to dig some more. Did Chalmers find conclusive proof that Dake embezzled ... more
as I recall Chalmers' second report was much more thorough and provided enough evidence to put Dake through a tough civil trial. In other words, the federal government took him to court over the... more
Butch, Perhaps. But absent evidence to verify Dake’s connections worked to get him off with a wrist slap, we are simply one step further removed and therefore no closer to saying what happened. Mind, ... more
I've not made a detailed examination of Dake's accounts, but I do find his situation and his response to it interesting. U. S. Marshals were given advanced funds, up to $20,000 at a time, and they... more
Not checking BORDERLINE AMERICANS won't hurt you much on the specific question you pose. Benton-Cohen's focus is not Dake or the Earps, but as a principle of research I would caution you to dismiss... more
Gary, How? By examining the marketing attached to the content. For example, if one looks at two titles for studies in political theory and one is titled something like POSTCOLONIAL PERSPECTIVES ON... more
I understand the impulse, but I find it surprisingly anti-intellectual for one committed to reason. I was trained to consider all points of view. When I studied the causes of the American Revolution... more