Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo again
Mon Jun 30, 2003 16:02 (XFF:

Hi Ian!

I tried to write to you earlier, but your server appears to systematically refuse anything I send to it. Anyway, I've asked Leo to forward the message (about JEA 88 and a very short PS on Persian Chrono) to you.

So on to other matters...

Yes, you "gave me" an argument when you wrote that message, earlier this week... (You guys I've been so "word happy since the last few days, I can hardly keep up with you!)

But first just to go further on your point that the Bakenranef burial is known by many stelae and the Shabaka one by only 1... From the Louvre Catalogue, I can count, only three stelea bear the name of Bakenranef (#91, 101 and 121), 7 others within this range bear the date "year 6" without naming the king, but must belong here. All others are dated by style. They could therefore belong to two separate burials. The group of stelae from some year 4 (Shoshenq V according to Mariette) also bears striking resemblance to the stelae of this "year 6" group, possibly giving us a second "pool" from which to assign texts to a different year 2 Shabaka burial.

Your latest argument about the victory reflections are interesting... But see Morkot's comments on the value of this very nice scarab. Some have proposed a Sinaļ campaign for Shabaka. The Karnak comment could follow the same logic.

Now, the new argument, though partly spotted by Fred.

In the year 12 WG graffito, Amenirdis I is simply "Adoratrix of the God" By some point within the reign of Shabaka, she is well attested as "God's Wife of Amun" (see Morkot again... or your own post. That's what gave me the argument!).

In his JEA 88 article, Dodson clearly shows the progression of the titles of each god's wife: when adopted, they are only "adoratrix of the God". Once the adoptress died, they became "God's Wife of Amun" in their turn. A third, intermediate title appears if the adoratix themselves adopt a future heiress: the new junior becomes the new Adoratrix, while the "not yet" God's Wife becomes the "God's hand". This much, at least, seems to have been true for Amenirdis I (Amenirdis II never became God's Wife and retained the title "God's Hand" to her death, perhaps because she went to Nubia, married and had children...).

Now, let's look at the Osiris Heqa Djet's temple. In it, the most frequently used (if not the only) title of Amenirdis is "God's Hand", furthermore, as reported by Fred (and seen in situ by the both of us), Shepenupet I is definitely represented as alive in the _Nubian_ part of this small temple. So Amenirdis still wasn't senior God's wife 'till at least some point within the reign of Shabatka...

Following Dodson's new study and my own hypothesis that Shabatka ruled before Shabaka, I would therefore present the following relative chronology:

Early (following Ddoson) in the reign of Osorkon III:
Osorkon installs his daughter Shepenupet I as "God's Wife of Amun"

Reign of Kashta:
Shepenupet adopts Kashta's daughter, Amenirdis I, who becomes "Adoratrix of the God" (WG graffito either here or under Piankhy)

Reign of Piankhy (post year 12):
Amenirdis I adopts Shepenupet II, Piankhy's daughter. The former becomes the first "God's Hand" while Shepenupet II becomes the new "Adoratrix of the God".

Reign of Shabatka:
Construction of the additions to Osiris temple, with Shepenupet I still God's Wife, Amenirdis as God's Hand and Shepenupet II as Adoratrix. The eldest propbably died during the construction as it is my _unverified_ understanding that the temple's front scene has Amenirdis as God's Wife.

Reign of Shabaka:
Amenirdis certainly is God's Wife. She probably died before the end of the reign (but after year 12), leaving Shepenupet II alone as God's Wife, with no heir before Taharqa's reign.

Wishing all a nice week,
-- <>< --
Pour que nos murs s'effondrent...

  • Shabaqo-Shebitqo againIan, Sun Jun 29 22:42
    I recently came across a point that does not seem to have been covered by our recent discussion of whether or not to invert the traditional order of Shabaqo and Shebitqo within the 25th Dynasty. I am ... more
    • Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo again — Anonymous, Mon Jun 30 16:02
      • Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo againJoe Baker, Wed Jul 2 07:34
        Hi all Well-ll-ll, so Fred is investigating a reversal of Shabaka/Shabataka and seems to be quite enthusiastic about it (he has announced it here and on the NC list). And using many of the arguments... more
        • Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo againChris, Wed Jul 2 19:26
          I have just received a copy of an interesting article by Stephanie Dalley, "Yaba, Atalya and the Foreign Policy of Late Assyrian Kings", SAAB 12:2 (1998) 83-98. Its central argument is that these two ... more
          • Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo againIan, Wed Jul 2 22:31
            Dear Chris, Shoshenq (Shu-sa-an-qu) was the son-in-law or brother-in-law (hatna sharri) of Sin-ahhe-eriba, but almost certainly in Nineveh, rather than Egypt. He stood as witness to a real estate... more
            • Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo againChris, Thu Jul 3 08:38
              ian -- Thanks for the additional information onn this Shoshenq. Re the conclusion that 711 is a TPQ, I have the source on order through ILL and will let you know, but you may well be right. Chris
        • Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo. Try it again JoeJoe Baker, Wed Jul 2 07:40
          Hi all Well-ll-ll, so Fred is investigating a reversal of Shabaka/Shabataka and seems to be quite enthusiastic about it (he has announced it here and on the NC list). And using many of the arguments... more
          • Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo and RudamunJoe Baker, Wed Jul 2 07:52
            Hi all 1. AFAIK the only objection to my genealogy is that Shepenupet 2 is not the sister of Shabaka. I understand there is an inscription stating this, but does it use a generic term to describe the ... more
            • Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo and RudamunIan, Wed Jul 2 18:59
              Hi Joe, I am afraid the objections to your genealogy are far more serious than that. Not only is Shepenupet II not a sister of Shabaqo (she is the sister of Taharqo because she is the daughter of his ... more
      • Re: Shabaqo-Shebitqo againIan, Mon Jun 30 20:04
        Hi Jean-Fred, Try my address for future correspondence, I do not know why umich does not like your server. You wrote: "The group of stelae from some year 4 (Shoshenq V according to ... more
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